Alliaria petiolata [officinalis] (von Bieberstein 1808) Cavara & Grande 1913 (Family Brassicaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 20-80cm
Never Mycorrhizal
Biennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 9.4)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Sinapine
Glucosinolates Allylisothiocyanate, Benzylisothiocyanate,
Glucotropaeolin, Sinigrin
Flavonoids Apigenin, Isovitexin, Saponarin
Phenolics Alliarinoside

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows

Spruce Forest Edge
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Tryphon bidentatus

Anthocharis cardamines

Pieris napi

Lycaena phlaeas

Panemeria tenebrata

Several Empididae

Many Syrphidae

Cordilura pubera

Scathophaga stercoraria

Bibio marci

Bibio varipes

Cynomya mortuorum

Melinda gentilis

Hydrophoria lancifer

Fannia serena

Brassicogethes coracinus

Ectinus aterrimus
Parasites:
Liriomyza bryoniae

Liriomyza strigata

Phyllotreta nemorum

Ceutorhynchus assimilis
(Larval Root Gall)

Ceutorhynchus rapae
(Larval Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Several Pieridae

Several Tortricidae

Xanthorhoe fluctuata Larva

Plutella xylostella Larva

Athalia ancilla Larva

Several Chrysomelidae

Ceutorhynchus rapae
Sapivores:
Eurydema dominulus

Eurydema oleracea

Macrosiphum euphorbiae
Granivores:
Anthocharis cardamines Larva

Cauchas rufimitrella Larva

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Garlic Mustard


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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