Salix alba Linnaeus 1753 (Family Salicaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaf

Male Flower

Fruit

Height: <20 m, Age: <100 yr
Ectomycorrhizal, Extrafloral Nectaries
Dioecious, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 15.4)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Catechin
Other
Phenolics
Salicylic Acid, Salicortin,
Salicoside, Saligenin, Tannins

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows

Wet Forest
Flower Visitors:
Andrena barbilabris

Melangyna lasiophthalma
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Mycorrhizae:
Several Entolomataceae

Many Hymenogastraceae

Many Inocybaceae

Cortinarius delibutus

Cortinarius violaceus

Russula pelargonia
Parasites:
Drepanopeziza salicis

Monostichella salicis

Venturia saliciperda

Erysiphe adunca

Melampsora epitea

Stigmella salicis

Coleophora lusciniaepennella

Gypsonoma dealbana

Synanthedon formicaeformis Larva (Wood Borer)

Phyllocolpa leucapsis
(Larval Leaf Roller)

Pontania proxima

Agromyza albitarsis

Aulagromyza tridentata

Rabdophaga dubiosa

Rabdophaga salicis

Rhamphus pulicarius Larva (Leaf Miner)

Tachyerges salicis

Trachys minutus

Saperda populnea Larva
(Branch Gall)
Possible Parasites:
Apiognomonia errabunda

Several Polyporaceae

Bjerkandera fumosa

Phellinus igniarius

Inonotus hispidus

Caloptilia stigmatella Larva

Lyonetia clerkella
Herbivores:
Apatura ilia Larva

Nymphalis polychloros Larva

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae Larvae

Several Notodontidae

Catocala nupta Larva

Scoliopteryx libatrix

Malacosoma neustria

Poecilocampa populi

Agonopterix conterminella Larva

Agonopterix ocellana Larva

Laothoe populi Larva

Batrachedra praeangusta Larva

Several Tenthredinidae

Arge enodis Larva

Many Chrysomelidae

Dorytomus melanophthalmus

Phyllobius pyri
Possible Herbivores:
Several Erebidae

Several Geometridae

Several Noctuidae Larvae

Several Notodontidae Larvae

Many Tortricidae

Diurnea fagella

Endotricha flammealis Larva

Many Tenthredinidae

Trichiosoma tibiale

Several Chrysomelidae

Many Curculionidae

Deporaus betulae

Melolontha melolontha
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Aphis farinosa

Pterocomma salicis

Bactericera curvatinervis

Aphrophora pectoralis
Possible Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Several Miridae

Several Pentatomidae

Elasmostethus interstinctus
Xylophages:
Agrilus viridis Larva (Wood Borer)
Possible Xylophages:
Anthaxia salicis Larva (Wood Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva (Wood Borer)

Elodes minuta Adult

Paranthrene tabaniformis Larva
Possible Florivores:
Eana incanana

Gypsonoma dealbana Larva

Egle ciliata Larva

Neolygus contaminatus
Possible Granivores:
Closterotomus fulvomaculatus

Neolygus viridis
Wood Decomposers:
Several Strophariaceae

Pleurotus ostreatus

Pleurotus pulmonarius

Flammulina velutipes

Coprinopsis romagnesiana

Stereum subtomentosum

Scytinostroma portentosum

Several Hymenochaetaceae

Exidia recisa

Odonticium septocystidia

Several Polyporaceae

Bjerkandera fumosa

Junghuhnia nitida

Trypophloeus asperatus

Ampedus pomonae Larva

Dasiops perpropinquus Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Asteroma salicis

Drepanopeziza salicis

Polyscytalum fecundissimum

Venturia saliciperda

Adela cuprella Larva

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: White Willow


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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