Castanea sativa Miller 1768 (Family Fagaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaf

Male Flowers

Female Flowers

Fruit

Height: <35 m, Age: <1500 yr
Ectomycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Monoecious, Flowering June (Earliest: 3.6)
Origin: Southern Europe

Protective Chemicals
Ellagitannins Acutissimin, Castalagin, Castalin, Vescalagin
Gallotannins Kurigalin
Other Phenolics Ellagic, Ferulic, Gallic, Protocatechuic, Syringic,
& Vanillic Acids, Chestanin, Galloylhamamelose

Biotopes:
Beech Forest
Flower Visitors:
Eristalis pertinax

Eristalis similis

Scathophaga stercoraria

Sarcophaga carnaria
Mycorrhizae:
Several Inocybaceae

Amanita rubescens

Amanita vaginata

Cortinarius caerulescens

Tricholoma acerbum

Cantharellus cibarius

Several Boletaceae

Scleroderma citrinum

Many Russulaceae
Parasites:
Stromatoseptoria castaneicola

Daedalea quercina

Aurantiporus fissilis

Cerrena unicolor

Inonotus cuticularis

Several Gracillariidae

Incurvaria masculella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Lyonetia clerkella

Ectoedemia albifasciella

Tischeria ekebladella

Bucculatrix thoracella

Profenusa pygmaea
Herbivores:
Several Geometridae

Archips xylosteana Larva

Pandemis heparana

Carcina quercana Larva

Pseudoips prasinana Larva

Teleiodes flavimaculella Larva

Byctiscus betulae
Sapivores:
Edwardsiana rosae

Fagocyba cruenta

Aphrophora alni

Pealius quercus

Lachnus roboris

Pulvinaria hydrangeae
Xylophages:
Anthaxia salicis Larva
(Wood Borer)

Dinoptera collaris Larva (Wood Borer)

Pachytodes cerambyciformis Larva (Root Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva
(Wood Borer)
Granivores:
Apodemus sylvaticus

Parus major

Several Tortricidae Larvae
Lichens:
Lepraria lobificans
Wood Decomposers:
Homophron spadiceum

Gymnopus erythropus

Tremella globispora

Daedalea quercina

Bulgaria inquinans

Jackrogersella multiformis

Pyrrhidium sanguineum Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Polyscytalum fecundissimum

Fusidium griseum

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007 J.K. Lindsey

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