Medicago sativa Linnaeus 1753 (Family Fabaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 30-180cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - September (Earliest: 5.7)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Stachydrine, Trigonelline
Saponins Hederagenin, Medicagenin, Soyasapogenol
Flavonoids Apigenin, Coumestrol, Daidzein, Formononetin,
Luteolin, Medicarpin, Sativan, Vestitol
Amino Acids Canavanine
Polyols Ononitol

Biotopes:
Meadows
Parasites:
Erysiphe pisi

Pseudopeziza medicaginis

Agromyza nana

Chromatomyia horticola

Aproaerema anthyllidella Larva (Leaf Miner)
Possible Parasites:
Liriomyza strigata

Scaptomyza graminum Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Ischnopterapion virens Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Colias croceus Larva

Callophrys rubi Larva

Polyommatus icarus Larva

Several Noctuidae

Several Tortricidae

Euclidia glyphica Larva

Euclidia mi Larva

Chiasmia clathrata Larva

Several Curculionidae

Holotrichapion pisi

Sminthurus viridis
Possible Herbivores:
Celypha rivulana Larva

Sitona suturalis
Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Palomena prasina

Piezodorus lituratus

Aphis craccivora

Aphis fabae

Philaenus spumarius
Possible Sapivores:
Adelphocoris seticornis

Megoura viciae
Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata
Granivores:
Adelphocoris lineolatus Nymph

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2009 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster