Identification Keys: Hymenoptera

[General], [Vertebrates], Insects, [Other Invertebrates], [Fungi], [Plants]

[General], [Coleoptera], [Diptera], [Hemiptera], Hymenoptera, [Lepidoptera], [Odonata], [Orthoptera], [Trichoptera], [Miscellaneous]
General, [Apoidea], [Braconidae], [Chalcidoidea], [Cynipoidea], [Ichneumonidae], [Proctotrupoidea], [Symphyta], [Vespoidea], [Other]


Bellman, H. (1995) Bienen, Wespen, Ameisen: die Hautflügler Mitteleuropas. Stuttgart; Franckh-Kosmos Verlag.
   Traduction française, (1999) Guide des Abeilles, Bourdons, Guêpes et Fourmis d'Europe. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé.

Brischke, C.G.A. (1865) "Die Hymenopteren der Provinz Preussen." Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg 5: 177-212.

Brischke, C.G.A. (1871) "Die Hymenopteren der Provinz Preussen." Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg 11: 65-106.

Cameron, P. (1888) "Descriptions of twenty-three new species of Hymenoptera." Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary & Philosophical Society (Series 4) 1: 159-183.

Cameron, P. (1882-92) A Monograph of the British Phytophagous Hymenoptera (Tenthredo, Sirex and Cynips, Linné.). 4 Vol. London: Ray Society. Biodiversity Heritage Library

Cameron, P. (1883) "Descriptions of new genera and species of Hymenoptera." Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London pp. 187-197.

Christ, J.L. (1791) Naturgeschichte, Classification und Nomenklatur der Insecten von Bienen, Wespen, und Ameisengeschlecht; als der fuenften Klass fuenften Ordnung des Linneischen Natur-Systems von den Insecten Hymenoptera. Frankfurt am Main: Hermann.

Dahlbom, G. (1835) Conspectus Tenthredinidum, Siricidum et Oryssinorum Scandinaviae, quas Hymenopterorum familias. Havniae: Typis Brünnichianis.

Dalla Torre, C.G. de (1894) Catalogus Hymenopterorum. Volumen III. Trigonalidae, Megalyridae, Stephanidae, Ichneumonidae, Agriotypidae, Evaniidae, Pelecinidae. Lipsiae: G. Engelmann.

De Stefani, T. (1885) "Imenotteri nuovi o poco conosciuti della Sicilia." Naturalista Siciliano 4: 185-189.

Fitton, M.G., Shaw, M.R., & Austin, A.D. (1987) "The Hymenoptera associated with spiders in Europe." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 90: 65-93.

Förster, A. (1850-60) "Eine Centurie neuer Hymenopteren." Verhandlungen der naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande 7: 277-288, 485-518, 8: 1-42, 266-362, 12: 226-258, 16: 87-124, 17: 93-152.

Goulet, H. & Huber, J.T. (1993) Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Ottawa: Agriculture Canada.

Haliday, A.H. (1839) "Hymenoptera Britannica. 1. Oxyura. 2. Alysia. 3. Hymenopterorum Synopsis." London: H. Baillière.

Hartig, T. (1838) "Ueber den Raupenfrass im Koniglichen Charlottenburger Forste unfern Berlin, wahrend des Sommers 1837." Jahresberichte über die Fortschritte der Forstwissenschaft und Forstlichen Naturkundede 1: 246-274.

Hartig, T. (1840) "Ueber die Familie der Gallwespen." Zeitschrift für die Entomologie 2: 176-209.

Jurine, L. (1807) Nouvelle Méthode de Classer les Hyménoptères et les Diptères. Tome 1. Hyménoptères. Genève: J.J. Paschoud.

Kirchner, L. (1867) Catalogus Hymenopterorum Europae. Vindobonae: Societatis Zoologico-Botanicae.

Kriechbaumer, J. (1854) "Hymenopterologisches." Entomologische Zeitung. Stettin. 15: 153-158.

Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, A.L.M. (1836-46) Histoire naturelle des Insectes. Hyménoptères. 4 Tomes. Paris: Librairie encyclopédique de Roret. Biodiversity Heritage Library

Medvedev, G.S. (Ed. 1988) Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. III. Hymenoptera. Part II. Bethyloidea, Chalcidoidea, Proctotrupoidea, Ceraphronoidea. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Nees von Esenbeck, C.G. (1834) Hymenopterorum Ichneumonibus affinum. Monographiae, genera europaea et species illustrantes. 2 Bande. Stuttgartiae et Tubingae: J.G. Cottar. Biodiversity Heritage Library

Richards, O.W. (1977, 2nd edn) Hymenoptera: Introduction and Key to Families. Royal Entomological Society of London Handbook 6(1).

Saunders, E. (1896) The Hymenoptera Aculeata of the British Islands. London: L. Reeve. Biodiversity Heritage Library, Index to Modern Names

Schmiedeknecht, O. (1907) Die Hymenopteren Mitteleuropas nach ihren Gattungen und zum Grossen Teil auch nach ihren Arten Analytisch Bearbeitet. Jena: Fischer.

Shuckard, W.E. (1837) Essay on the Indigenous Fossorial Hymenoptera; Comprising a Description of all the British Species of Burrowing Sand Wasps Contained in the Metropolitan Collections; with their Habits as far as They have been Observed. London: Shuckard.

Smith, F. (1851) "Descriptions of some new species of British Hymenoptera." The Zoologist 9: cxxv-cxxvii.

Speiser, P. (1908) "Notizen uber Hymenopteren." Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Danzig 12: 31-57.

Spinola, M. (1806-8) Insectorum Liguriae. Species novae aut rariores, quas in agro ligustico nuper detexit, descripsit, et iconibus illustratavit. 2 Tom. 4 Fasc. Biodiversity Heritage Library

Thomson, C.G. (1871-2) Skandinaviens Hymenoptera. Tom. I. (Tenthredo et Sirex Lin.). Tom. II. Apis Lin. Lunde.

Thunberg, C.P. (1822) "Ichneumonidea Insecta Hymenoptera, illustrata". Mémoires de l'Académie impériale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg 8: 249-281.

Vander Linden, P.L. (1827) "Observations sur les Hymenopteres d'Europe de la famille des fouisseurs." Nouveaux Mémoires de l'Académie royale des Sciences et Belles-lettres de Bruxelles 4: 279-367.

Vander Linden, P.L. (1829) Observations sur les Hyménoptères d'Europe de la Famille des Fouisseurs. Bruxelles: M. Hayez.

Van Vollenhoven, S.C.S. (1869) "Nieuwe naamlist Nederlandsche Vliesvleugelige Insecten (Hymenoptera)." Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 12: 89-127.

Wesmael, C. (1851) Revue critique des Hyménoptères fouisseurs de Belgique. Bruxelles: Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Letrres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique 18(2): 362-493.

Wesmael, C. (1852) Revue critique des Hyménoptères fouisseurs de Belgique. Bruxelles: Académie royale de Belgique.

Westwood, J.O. (1832-3) "Descriptions of several new British forms amongst the parasitic Hymenopterous insects." London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 1: 127-129, 2: 443-445, 3: 342-344.

Zahradnik, J. (1991) Bees and Wasps. Leicester: Blitz.


[General], [Vertebrates], Insects, [Other Invertebrates], [Fungi], [Plants]

[General], [Coleoptera], [Diptera], [Hemiptera], Hymenoptera, [Lepidoptera], [Odonata], [Orthoptera], [Trichoptera], [Miscellaneous]
General, [Apoidea], [Braconidae], [Chalcidoidea], [Cynipoidea], [Ichneumonidae], [Proctotrupoidea], [Symphyta], [Vespoidea], [Other]

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