Ecology References: Chemicals Produced by Fungi

[General], [Habitats], [Animals], [Fungi], [Plants], [Diseases and Parasites], [Decomposition], Chemicals Produced
[Animals], Fungi, [Plants]

Abraham, W.R., Hanssen, H.P. & Urbasch, I. (1991) "Lepistirones, major volatile metabolites from liquid cultures of Lepista irina (Basidiomycotina)." Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 46: 169-171.

Amici, A.M., Mingheiti, A., Scotti, T., Spalla, C., & Tognoli, L. (1969) "Production of peptide ergot alkaloids in submerged culture by three isolates of Claviceps purpurea." Applied Microbiology 18: 464-468.

Anchel, M. (1955) "Structure of diatretyne 2, an antibiotic polyacetylenic nitrile from Clitocybe diatreta." Science 121: 607-608.*

Anchel, M. (1958) "Metabolic products of Clitocybe diatreta. I. Diatretyne amide and diatretyne nitrile." Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 78: 100-110.*

Anke, H., Morales, P., & Sterner, O. (1996) "Assays of the biological activities of two fatty acid derivatives formed in the edible mushrooms Cantharellus cibarius and C. tubaeformis as a response to injury." Planta Medica 62: 181-183.*

Anke, H., Stadler, M., Mayer, A., & Sterner, O. (1995) "Secondary metabolites with nematicidal and antimicrobial activity from nematophagous fungi and Ascomycetes." Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 932-939.*

Anke, T., Besl, H., Mocek, U., & Steglich, W. (1983) "Antibiotics from basidiomycetes. XVIII. Strobilurin C and oudemansin B, two new antifungal metabolites from Xerula species (Agaricales)." Journal of Antibiotics 36: 661-666.*

Anke, T., Hecht, H.J., Chramm, G., & Steglich, W. (1979) "Antibiotics from basidiomycetes. IX. Oudemansin, an antifungal antibiotic from Oudemansiella mucida (Schrader ex Fr.) Hoehnel (Agaricales)." Journal of Antibiotics 32: 1112-1117.*

Anke, T., Kupka, J., Schramm, G., & Steglich, W. (1980) "Antibiotics from basidiomycetes. X. Scorodonin, a new antibacterial and antifungal metabolite from Marasmius scorodonius (Fr.) Fr." Journal of Antibiotics 33: 463-467.*

Anke, T., Watson, W.H., Giannetti, B.M., & Steglich, W. (1981) "Antibiotics from basidiomycetes. XIII. The alliacols A and B from Marasmius alliaceus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Fr." Journal of Antibiotics 34: 1271-1277.*

Anke, T. & Weber, D. (eds, 2009) The Mycota. A Comprehensive Treatise on Fungi as Experimental Systems for Basic and Applied Research. XV. Physiology and Genetics. Selected Basic and Applied Aspects. Berlin: Springer Verlag.

Arnone, A., Cardillo, R., Di Modugno, V., & Nasini, G. (1989) "Secondary mould metabolites. Part 29. Isolation and structure elucidation of candicansol, 3-epi-illudol and 1-O-acetyl-3-epi-illudol, novel sesquiterpenoids from Clitocybe candicans, and absolute configuration of 3-epi-illudol." Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 11: 1995-2000.*

Arnone, A., Nasini, G., De Pava, O.V., Capelli, S., & Meille, S.V. (1996) "Secondary mould metabolites, LII. Structure elucidation of diatretol - a new diketopiperazine metabolite from the fungus Clitocybe diatreta." Liebigs Annalen 11: 1875-1877.*

Aslim, B. & Ozturk, S. (2011) "Phenolic composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Leucoagaricus leucothites (Vittad.) Wasser." Journal of Medicinal Food 14: 1419-1424.

Atkinson, N. (1954) "Psalliotin, the antibiotic of Psalliota xanthoderma." Nature 174: 598.*

Austin, D.J., Bu'Lock, J.D. & Gooday, G.W. (1969) "Trisporic acids: sexual hormones from Mucor mucedo and Blakeslea trispora." Nature 223: 1178-1179.*

Avanzo, P., Sabotic, J., Anzlovar, S., Popovic, T., Leonardi, A., Pain, R.H., Kos, J., & Brzin, J. (2009) "Trypsin-specific inhibitors from the basidiomycete Clitocybe nebularis with regulatory and defensive functions." Microbiology 156: 3971-3981.

Ayer, W.A. & Craw, P. (1989) "Metabolites of the fairy ring fungus, Marasmius oreades. Part 2. Norsesquiterpenes, further sesquiterpenes, and agrocybin." Canadian Journal of Chemistry 67: 1371-1380.

Barros, L., Dueñas, M., Ferreira, I.C.F.R., Baptista, P., & Santos-Buelgaa, C. (2009) "Phenolic acids determination by HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS in sixteen different Portuguese wild mushrooms species." Food and Chemical Toxicology 47: 1076-1079.

Bäuerle, J., Anke, T., Jente, R., & Bosold, F. (1982) "Antibiotics from basidiomycetes XVI. Antimicrobial and cytotoxic polyines from Mycena viridimarginata Karst." Archives of Microbiology 132: 194-196.*

Becker, U., Erkel, G., Anke, T., & Sterner, O. (1997) "Puraquinonic acid, a novel inducer of differentiation of human HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells from Mycena pura (Pers. Ex Fr.)." Natural Product Letters 9: 229-236.*

Birck, C., Damian, L., Marty-Detraves, C., Lougarre, A., Schulze-Briese, C., Koehl, P., Fournier, D., Paquereau, L., & Samama, J.P. (2004) "A new lectin family with structure similarity to actinoporins revealed by the crystal structure of Xerocomus chrysenteron lectin XCL." Journal of Molecular Biology 344: 1409-1420.

Boeger, H.G. (1990) Untersuchung zur Biosynthese des Connatins und verwandter Verbindungen mit N-O-Bindungen aus dem Blaetterpilz Lyophyllum connatum." Bonn University Thesis.*

Boh, B., Hodzar, D., Dolnicar, D., Berovic, M., & Pohleven, F. (2000) "Isolation and quantification of triterpenoid acids from Ganoderma applanatum of Istrian Origin." Food Technology and Biotechnology 38: 11-18.*

Borg-Karlson, A.K., Englund, F.O., & Unelius, C.R. (1994) "Dimethyl oligosulphides, major volatiles released from Sauromatum guttatum and Phallus impudicus." Phytochemistry 35: 321-323.*

Boros, C., Hamilton, S.M., Katz, B., & Kulanthaivel, P. (1994) "Comparison of balanol from Verticillium balanoides and ophiocordin from Cordyceps ophioglossoides." Journal of Antibiotics 47: 1010-1016.

Breheret, S., Talou, T., Rapior, S., & Bessière, J.M. (1999) "Geosmin, a sesquiterpenoid compound responsible for the musty-earthy odor of Cortinarius herculeus, Cystoderma amianthinum, and Cy. carcharias." Mycologia 91: 117-120.*

Brzin, J., Rogelj, B., Popovic, T., Strukelj, B., & Ritonja, A. (2000) "Clitocypin, a new type of cysteine proteinase inhibitor from fruit bodies of mushroom Clitocybe nebularis." Journal of Biological Chemistry 275: 20104-20109.*

Buchanan, M.S., Hashimoto, T., Takaoka, S., & Asakawa, Y. (1995) "(+)-Osmundalactone, gamma-lactones and spiromentins from the fungus Paxillus atrotomentosus." Phytochemistry 40: 1251-1257.*

Bui, A.M., Cavé, A., Janot, M.M., Parello, J., & Potier, P. (1974) "Isolement et analyse structurale du collybolide, nouveau sesquiterpene extrait de Collybia maculata Alb. et Sch. ex Fries (Basidiomycetes)." Tetrahedron 30: 1327-1336.*

Buku, A., Wieland, T., Bodenmüller, H., & Faulstich, H. (1980) "Amaninamide, a new toxin of Amanita virosa mushrooms." Experientia 36: 33-34.*

Cabrera, G.M., Roberti, M.J., Wright, J.E., & Seldes, A.M. (2002) "Cryptoporic and isocryptoporic acids from the fungal cultures of Polyporus arcularius and P. ciliatus." Phytochemistry 61: 189-193.*

Camazine, S. (1983) "Mushroom chemical defense: food aversion learning induced by hallucinogenic toxin, muscimol." Journal of Chemical Ecology 9: 1473-1481.*

Cassinelli, G., Lanzi, C., Pensa, T., Gambetta, R.A., Nasini, G., Cuccuru, G., Cassinis, M., Pratesi, G., Polizzi, D., Tortoreto, M., & Zunino, F. (2000) "Clavilactones, a novel class of tyrosine kinase inhibitors of fungal origin." Biochemical Pharmacology 59: 1539-1547.*

Castronovo, F., Clericuzio, M., Toma, L., & Vidari, G. (2001) "Fungal metabolites. Part 45: The sesquiterpenes of Collybia maculata and Collybia peronata." Tetrahedron 57: 2791-2798.*

Catalfomo, P. & Eugster, C.H. (1970) "Muscarine and muscarine isomers in selected Inocybe species." Helvetica Chimica Acta 53: 848-851.*

Chairul, S.M. & Hayashi, Y. (1994) "Lanostanoid triterpenes from Ganoderma applanatum." Phytochemistry 35: 1305-1308.*

Chilton, W.S., Hsu, C.P., & Zdybak, W.T. (1974) "Stizolobic and stizolobinic acids in Amanita pantherina." Phytochemistry 13: 1179-1181.*

Chilton, W.S. & Ott, J. (1976) "Toxic metabolites of Amanita pantherina, A. cothurnata, A. muscaria and other Amanita species." Lloydia 39: 150-157.*

Clericuzio, M. & Sterner, O. (1997) "Conversion of velutinal esters in the fruit bodies of Russula cuprea." Phytochemistry 45: 1569-1572.*

Clericuzio, M., Tabasso, S., Garbarino, J.A., Piovano, M., Cardile, V., Russo, A., & Vidari, G. (2007) "Non-phenolic dicinnamamides from Pholiota spumosa: isolation, synthesis and antitumour activity." European Journal of Organic Chemistry 33: 5551-5559.

Clough, J.M. (1993) "The strobilurins, oudemansins, and myxothiazols, fungicidal derivatives of beta-methoxyacrylic acid." Natural Product Reports 10: 565-574.*

Daniewski, W.M., Grieco, P.A., Huffman, J.C., Rymkiewicz, A., & Wawrzun, A. (1981) "Isolation of 12-hydroxycaryophyllene-4,5-oxide, a sesquiterpene from Lactarius camphoratus." Phytochemistry 20: 2733-2734.*

Daniewski, W.M., Gumulka, M., Przesmyckaa, D., Ptaszynska, K., Bloszyk, E., & Drozdz, B. (1995) "Sesquiterpenes of Lactarius origin, antifeedant structure-activity relationships." Phytochemistry 38: 1161-1168.*

Daniewski, W.M., Gumulka, M., Ptaszynska, K., Skibicki, P., Bloszyk, E., Drozdz, B., Stromberg, S., Norin, T., & Holub, M. (1993) "Antifeedant activity of some sesquiterpenoids of the genus Lactarius (Agaricales: Russulaceae)." European Journal of Entomology 90: 65-70.*

Daniewski, W.M., Gumulka, M., Ptaszynska, K., Skibicki, P., Jacobsson, U., & Norin, T. (1992) "3-Deoxy-3-epi-lactaroscrobiculide b, a sesquiterpene from Lactarius vellereus." Phytochemistry 31: 3933-3936.*

Davoli, P., Mucci, A., Schenetti, L., & Weber, R.W.S. (2005) "Laetiporic acids, a family of non-carotenoid polyene pigments from fruit-bodies and liquid cultures of Laetiporus sulphureus (Polyporales, Fungi)." Phytochemistry 66: 817-823.*

De Bernardi, M., Fronza, G., Gianotti, M.P., Mellerio, G., Vidari, G., & Vita-Finzi, P. (1983) "Fungal metabolites XIII: New cytotoxic triterpene from Hebeloma species (basidiomycetes)." Tetrahedron Letters 24: 1635-1638.*

De Bernardi, M., Fronzaa, G., Mellerio, G., Vidari, G., & Vita-Finzi, P. (1979) "New sesquiterpene hydroxylactones from Lactarius species." Phytochemistry 18: 293-298.*

De Bernardi, M., Garlaschelli, L., Gattla, G., Vidari, G., & Vita-Finzi, P. (1988) "Fungal metabolites XXII: the unprecedented structure of saponaceolide a, a cytotoxic c-30 terpenoid from Tricholoma saponaceum." Tetrahedron. 44: 235-240.*

De Bernardi, M., Garlaschelli, L., Toma, L., Vidari, G., & Vita-Finzi, P. (1991) "Fungal metabolites XXVI: The structure of saponaceolides B, C and D, new C-30 terpenoids from Tricholoma saponaceum." Tetrahedron 47: 7109-7116.*

De Bernardi, M., Mellerio, G., Vidari, G., Vita-Finzi, P. & Fronza, G. (1980) "Fungal metabolites. Part 5. Uvidins, new drimane sesquiterpenes from Lactarius uvidus Fries. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: 221-226.*

De Bernardi, M., Mellerio, G., Vidari, G., Vita-Finzi, P. & Fronza, G. (1980) "Fungal metabolites. Part 15. Structure and chemical correlations of uvidin C, D, and E, new drimane sesquiterpenes from Lactarius uvidus Fries." Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: 2739-2743.*

De Bernardi, M., Vidari, G., & Finzi, P.V. (1992) "The chemistry of Lactarius fuliginosus and Lactarius picinus." Tetrahedron 48: 7331-7344.*

Dobbs, A. (2001) "Total synthesis of indoles from Tricholoma species via Bartoli/heteroaryl radical methodologies." Journal of Organic Chemistry 66: 638-641.*

Dowd, P.F. & Miller, O.K. (1990) "Insecticidal properties of Lactarius fuliginosus and Lactarius fumosus." Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 57: 23-28.*

Ebel, H., Knör, S., & Steglich, W. (2003) "Total synthesis of the mushroom metabolite (+)-calopin." Tetrahedron 59: 123-129.*

Eilbert, F., Anke, H., & Sterner, O. (2000) "Neobulgarones A approximately F from cultures of Neobulgaria pura, new inhibitors of appressorium formation of Magnaporthe grisea." Journal of Antibiotics 53: 1123-1129.*

Eizenhöfer, T., Fugmann, B., Sheldrick, W.S., & Steffan, B. (1990) "Lascivol, der Bitterstoff des Unverschämten Ritterlings, Tricholoma lascivum (Agaricales)." Liebigs Annalen der Chemie 11: 1115-1118.*

Engler, M., Anke, T., Sterner, O., & Brandt, U. (1997) "Pterulinic acid and pterulone, two novel inhibitors of NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) produced by a Pterula species. I. Production, isolation and biological activities." Journal of Antibiotics 50: 325-329.*

Enjalbert, F., Cassanas, G., & Andary, C. (1989) "Variation in amounts of main phallotoxins in Amanita phalloides." Mycologia 81: 266-271.*

Enjalbert, F., Cassanas, G., Rapior, S., Renault, C., & Chaumont, J.P. (2004) "Amatoxins in wood-rotting Galerina marginata." Mycologia 96: 720-729.

Enjalbert, F., Gallion, C., Jehl, F., Monteil, H., & Faulstich, H. (1993) "Amatoxins and phallotoxins in Amanita species: high-performance liquid chromatographic determination." Mycologia 85: 579-584.*

Espada, A., Rivera-Sagredo, A., de la Fuente, J.M., Hueso-Rodríguez, J.A., & Elson, S.W. (1997) "New cytochalasins from the fungus Xylaria hypoxylon." Tetrahedron 53: 6485-6492.*

Evidente, A., Andolfia, A., Abouzeida, M.A., Vurro, M., Zonno, M.C., & Motta, A. (2004) "Ascosonchine, the enol tautomer of 4-pyridylpyruvic acid with herbicidal activity produced by Ascochyta sonchi." Phytochemistry 65: 475-480.*

Fabian, K., Lorenzen K., Anke, T., Johansson, M., & Sterner, O. (1998) "Five New Bioactive Sesquiterpenes from the Fungus Radulomyces confluens (Fr.) Christ." Zeitschrift für Naturforsch 53: 939-945.

Fäldt, J., Jonsell, M., Nordlander, G., & Borg-Karlson, A.K. (1999) "Volatiles of bracket fungi Fomitopsis pinicola and Fomes fomentarius and their functions as insect attractants." Journal of Chemical Ecology 25: 567-590.*

Farrell, I.W., Halsall, T.G., Thaller, V., Bradshaw, A.P.W., & Hanson, J.R. (1981) "Structures of some new sesquiterpenoid metabolites of Marasmius alliaceus." Journal of the Chemical Society 1: 1790-1793.*

Fugmann, B. & Steglich, W. (1984) "Unusual components of the toadstool Lyophyllum connatum (Agaricales)." Angewandte Chemie 23: 72-73.*

Garlaschelli, L., Mellerio, G., Vidari, G., & Vita-Finzi, P. (1994) "New fatty acid esters of drimane sesquiterpenes from Lactarius uvidus." Journal of Natural Products 57: 905-910.*

Garlaschelli, L., Pang, Z., Sterner, O., & Vidari, G. (1994) "New indole derivatives from the fruit bodies of Tricholoma sciodes and T. virgatum." Tetrahedron 50: 3571-3574.*

Gartz, J. (1987) "Occurrence of psilocybin and baeocystin in fruit bodies of Pluteus salicinus." Planta Medica 53: 290-291.*

Gebhardt, P., Dornberger, K., Gollmick, F.A., Gräfe, U., Härtl, A., Görls, H., Schlegel, B., & Hertweck, C. (2007) "Quercinol, an anti-inflammatory chromene from the wood-rotting fungus Daedalea quercina (Oak Mazegill)." Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 17: 2558-2560.*

Geissler, T., Brandt, W., Porzel, A., Schlenzig, D., Kehlen, A., Wessjohann, L. & Arnold, N. (2010) "Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from the toadstool Cortinarius infractus." Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 188: 2173-2177.*

Gilardoni, G., Clericuzio, M., Tosi, S., Zanoni, G., & Vidari, G. (2007) "Antifungal acylcyclopentenediones from fruiting bodies of Hygrophorus chrysodon." Journal of Natural Product 70: 137-139.

Gill, M. & Strauch, R.J. (1984) "Constituents of Agaricus xanthodermus Genevier: the first naturally endogenous azo compound and toxic phenolic metabolites." Z Naturforsch 39: 1027-1029.*

Godio, R.P., Fouces, R., Gudiña, E.J., & Martín, J.F. (2004) "Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of the antitumor clavaric acid-producing basidiomycete Hypholoma sublateritium." Current Genetics 46: 287-294.*

Hansson, T., Sterner, O., Wickberg, B., & Bergman, R. (1992) "The thermal isomerization of the sesquiterpenes isovelleral and merulidial. A reversible ring opening of the cis-methylcyclopropanecarboxaldehyde group via an intramolecular ene reaction." Journal of Organic Chemistry 57: 3822-3828.*

Harborne, J.B. (1993, 4th edn) Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry. London: Academic Press.

Hartley, A.J., De Mattos-Shipley, K., Collins, C.M., Kilaru, S., Foster, G.D., & Bailey, A.M. (2009) "Investigating pleuromutilin-producing Clitopilus species and related basidiomycetes." FEMS Microbiology Letters 297: 24-30.*

Hatfield, G.M. & Schaumberg, J.P. (1975) "Isolation and structural studies of coprine, the disulfiram-like constituent of Coprinus atramentarius." Lloydia 38: 489-496.*

Hayashi, T., Kanetoshi, A., Ikura, M., & Shirahama, H. (1989) "Bolegrevilol, a new lipid peroxidation inhibitor from the edible mushroom Suillus grevillei." Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 37: 1424-1425.*

Hellwig, V., Dasenbrock, J., Gräf, C., Kahner, L., Schumann, S., & Steglich, W. (2002) "Calopins and cyclocalopins - bitter principles from Boletus calopus and related mushrooms." European Journal of Organic Chemistry 17: 2895-2904.*

Hopmann, C. & Steglich, W. (1996) "Pigments of fungi, 65! synthesis of haematopodin - a pigment from the mushroom Mycena haematopus (Basidiomycetes)." Liebigs Annalen 7: 1117-1120.*

Ishikawa, N.K., Yamaji, K., Tahara, S., Fukushi, Y., & Takahashia, K. (2000) "Highly oxidized cuparene-type sesquiterpenes from a mycelial culture of Flammulina velutipes." Phytochemistry 54: 777-782.*

Jang, Y.W., Lee, I.K., Kim, Y.S., Lee, S., Lee, H.J., Yu, S.H. & Yun, B.S. (2007) "Xylarinic acids A and B, new antifungal polypropionates from the fruiting body of Xylaria polymorpha." Journal of Antibiotics 60: 696-699.*

Jensen, S.L. (1965) "On fungal carotenoids and the natural distribution of spirilloxanthin." Phytochemistry 4: 925-931.*

Jian, Y.J. & Wu, Y. (2010) "Synthesis of the structure proposed for the natural allenic antibiotic scorodonin." Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 8: 1905-1909.*

Johnson, B.E.C., Preston, J.F., & Kimbrough, J.W. (1976) "Quantitation of amanitins in Galerina autumnalis." Mycologia 68: 1248-1253.*

Kahlos, K., Kiviranta, J.L.J., & Hiltunen, R.V.K. (1994) "Volatile constituents of wild and in vitro cultivated Gloeophyllum odoratum." Phytochemistry 36: 917-922.*

Kamo, T., Asanoma, M., Shibata, H., & Hirota, M. (2003) "Anti-inflammatory lanostane-type triterpene acids from Piptoporus betulinus." Journal of Natural Products 66: 1104-1106.*

Kanokmedhakul, S., Kanokmedhakul, K., Prajuabsuk, T., Soytong, K., Kongsaeree, P., & Suksamrarn, A. (2003) "A bioactive triterpenoid and vulpinic acid derivatives from the mushroom Scleroderma citrinum." Planta Medica 69: 568-571.*

Kawagishi, H., Hamajima, K., & Inoue, Y. (2002) "Novel hydroquinone as a matrix metallo-proteinase inhibitor from the mushroom, Piptoporus betulinus." Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 66: 2748-2750.

Keller, A.C., Maillard, M.P., & Hostettmann, K. (1996) "Antimicrobial steroids from the fungus Fomitopsis pinicola." Phytochemistry 41: 1041-1046.*

Kim, K.H., Noh, H.J., Choi, S.U., Park, K.M., Seok, S.J., & Lee, K.R. (2010) "Russulfoen, a new cytotoxic marasmane sesquiterpene from Russula foetens." Journal of Antibiotics 63: 575-577.

Kim, W.G., Kim, J.W., Ryoo, I.J., Kim, J.P., Kim, Y.H., & Yoo, I.D. (2004) "Boletunones A and B, highly functionalized novel sesquiterpenes from Boletus calopus." Organic Letters 6: 823-826.*

King, (1977) "Alliacolide, a new bicyclic sesquiterpene epoxy-lactone with a novel carbon skeleton from cultures of the fungus Marasmius alliaceus (Jacques ex Fr.)Fr; X-ray structure." Journal of the Chemical Society 20: 727-728.*

Kneifel, H. & Bayer, E. (1986) "Stereochemistry and total synthesis of amavadin, the naturally occurring vanadium compound of Amanita muscaria." Journal of the American Chemical Society 108: 3075-3077.*

Kneifel, H., Konig, W.A., Loeffler, W., & Müller, R. (1977) "Ophiocordin, an antifungal antibiotic of Cordyceps ophioglossoides." Archives of Microbiology 113: 121-130.*

Kopp, B. & Rehm, H.J. (1983) "Alkaloid production by immobilized mycelia of Claviceps purpurea." European Journal of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 18: 257-263.*

Kraft, J., Bauer, S., Keilhoff, G., Miersch, J., Wend, D., Riemann, D., Hirschelmann, R., Holzhausen, H.J., & Langner, J. (1998) "Biological effects of the dihydroorotate dehydrogenase inhibitor polyporic acid, a toxic constituent of the mushroom Hapalopilus rutilans, in rats and humans." Archives of Toxicology 72: 711-721.*

Kuhnt, D., Anke, T., Besl, H., Bross, M., Herrmann, R., Mocek, U., Steffan, B., Steglich, W. (1990) "Antibiotics from basidiomycetes. XXXVII. New inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis from cultures of Xerula melanotricha Dörfelt." Journal of Antibiotics 43: 1413-1420.*

Lapeyrie, F., Chilvers, G.A., & Bhem, C.A. (1987) "Oxalic acid synthesis by the mycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus (Batsch. Ex Fr.) Fr." New Phytologist 106: 139-146.*

Lee, I.K., Jang, Y.W., Kim, Y.S., Yu, S.H., Lee, K.J., Park, S.M., Oh, B.T., Chae, J.C., & Yun, B.S. (2009) "Xylarinols A and B, two new 2-benzoxepin derivatives from the fruiting bodies of Xylaria polymorpha." Journal of Antibiotics 62: 163-165.*

Lee, I.K., Jang, Y.W., Yu, S.H., & Yun, B.S. (2007) "New triterpene glucosides, oligoporins A-C, from Oligoporus tephroleucus protect DNA from Fenton reaction." Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 17: 4906-4909.*

Lee, I.K., Kim, Y.S., Jang, Y.W., Jung, J.Y., & Yun, B.S. (2007) "New antioxidant polyphenols from the medicinal mushroom Inonotus obliquus." Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 17: 6678-6681.

Lee, I.K., Yun, B.S., Cho, S.M., Kim, W.G., Kim, J.P., Ryoo, I.J., Koshino, H., & Yoo, I.D. (1996) "Betulinans A and B, two benzoquinone compounds from Lenzites betulina." Journal of Natural Products 59: 1090-1092.*

Leonhardt, K., Anke, T., Hillen-Maske, E., & Steglich, W. (1987) "6-Methylpurine, 6-methyl-9-beta-D-ribofuranosylpurine, and 6-hydroxymethyl-9-beta-D-ribofuranosylpurine as antiviral metabolites of Collybia maculata (Basidiomycetes)." Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung C 42: 420-424.*

Lindberg, P., Bergman, R., & Wickberg, B. (1975) "Isolation and structure of coprine, a novel physiologically active cyclopropanone derivative from Coprinus atramentarius and its synthesis via 1-aminocyclopropanol." Journal of the Chemical Society 23: 946-947.*

Liu, D.Z., Wang, F., Jia, R.R., & Liu, J.K. (2008) "A novel sesquiterpene from the basidiomycete Boletus calopus." Zeitschrift für Naturforsch B 63: 114-116.

Liu, D.Z., Wang, F., Yang, L.M., Zheng, Y.T., & Liu, J.K. (2007) "A new cadinane sesquiterpene with significant anti-HIV-1 activity from the cultures of the basidiomycete Tyromyces chioneus." Journal of Antibiotics 60: 332-334.*

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*Abstract only.

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