Vaccinium myrtillus Linnaeus 1753 (Family Ericaceae)


Plant

Leaves

Flower

Fruit

Height: 15-60cm, Age: <30 yr
Ericoid Mycorrhizal
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - June (Earliest: 4.4)

Protective Chemicals
Iridoids Asperuloside, Coumaroyl, Monotropein
Sesquiterpenoids Caryophyllene
Saponins Oleanolic & Ursolic Acid, Amyrin
Carotenoids Carotene, Lutein
Flavonoids Astragalin, Catechin, Cyanidin, Delphinidin, Epicatechin, Epigallocatechin, Hyperoside,
Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Malvidin, Myricetin, Myrtillin, Pelargonidin, Peonidin, Petunidin,
Quercetin, Quercitrin
Other Phenolics Benzoic, Caffeic, Caffeoylshikimic, Chlorogenic, Coumaric, Coumaroylquinic,
Feruloylquinic, Ferulic, Gallic, Hydroxybenzoic, Hydroxycinnamic, Protocatechuic,
Syringic, & Vanillic Acids, Arbutin, Catechol, Ericolin, Hydroquinone, Resveratrol, Tannins
Other Acids Citric, Malic, Quinic, Shikimic, Succinic
Hydrocarbons Nonacosane

Biotopes:
Heath and Moorland

Spruce Forest Edge
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Vespula rufa

Aglais io

Several Syrphidae

Bibio lanigerus
Parasites:
Exobasidium vaccinii

Valdensia heterodoxa

Incurvaria masculella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Incurvaria oehlmanniella Larva (Leaf Miner)
Herbivores:
Cervus elaphus

Callophrys rubi Larva

Celastrina argiolus Larva

Several Erebidae

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae

Many Tortricidae

Lasiocampa quercus

Macrothylacia rubi

Nematopogon adansoniella Larva

Acleris hyemana Larva

Micropterix aureatella Larva

Diurnea lipsiella

Caliroa annulipes

Pristiphora cincta Larva
Possible Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Polia bombycina Larva

Chloroclysta miata

Strophosoma capitatum
Sapivores:
Globiceps fulvicollis

Speudotettix subfusculus
Florivores:
Pasiphila debiliata Larva
Possible Florivores:
Eana incanana
Frugivores: Martes martes
Meles meles

Sus scrofa

Columba oenas

Closterotomus biclavatus

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Bilberry


Pictures © 2003, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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