Sambucus racemosa Linnaeus 1753 (Family Caprifoliaceae)


Bush

Bark

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: <4 m, Age: <50 yr
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 12.4)

Protective Chemicals
Cyanogenic Glycosides Sambunigrin
Flavonoids Cyanidin
Other Phenolics Gallic & Tartaric Acids, Tannins
Other Acids Acetic, Malic, Valeric

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows
Flower Visitors:
Meliscaeva cinctella

Epuraea aestiva
Parasites:
Pseudocercospora depazeoides

Erysiphe vanbruntiana

Inonotus cuticularis

Liriomyza amoena
Possible Parasites:
Botanophila fugax Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Ourapteryx sambucaria

Several Tenthredinidae
Sapivores:
Aphis sambuci
Frugivores:
Columba palumbus
Nests:
Ancistrocerus nigricornis

Ancistrocerus parietinus

Psenulus laevigatus
Wood Decomposers:
Xylodon sambuci

Anaglyptus mysticus

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

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