Salix cinerea Linnaeus 1753 (Family Salicaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Male Flowers

Female Flower

Fruit

Height: <6 m
Ectomycorrhizal, Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Dioecious, Flowering March - April (Earliest: 19.3)

Protective Chemicals
Phenolics Salicylic Acid, Tannins

Biotopes:
Wet Meadows

Wet Forest

Hedge Rows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Dolerus nitens

Vespula vulgaris

Formica polyctena

Aglais io

Polygonia c-album

Callophrys rubi

Celastrina argiolus

Adela cuprella

Several Anthomyiidae

Several Empididae

Several Muscidae

Many Syrphidae

Bibio ferruginatus

Bibio marci

Scathophaga furcata

Scathophaga stercoraria

Eurychaeta palpalis

Sepsis violacea

Metopia argyrocephala

Epuraea marseuli
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Mycorrhizae:
Lactarius sphagneti

Lactarius tabidus

Several Cortinariaceae

Several Entolomataceae

Several Hymenogastraceae

Several Inocybaceae
Parasites:
Capnodium citri

Melampsora epitea

Several Coleophoridae

Stigmella salicis

Phyllonorycter salicicolella

Several Tenthredinidae

Several Cecidomyiidae

Aulagromyza tridentata

Rhamphus pulicarius Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Tachyerges salicis

Trachys minutus
Possible Parasites:
Several Polyporaceae

Phellinus igniarius

Bjerkandera fumosa

Inonotus hispidus

Lyonetia clerkella
Herbivores:
Several Nymphalidae Larvae

Several Erebidae

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae

Several Notodontidae

Several Tortricidae

Yponomeuta rorrella Larva

Saturnia pavonia

Laothoe populi Larva

Lasiocampa quercus

Agonopterix ocellana Larva

Amauronematus histrio Larva

Empria immersa

Several Chrysomelidae

Several Curculionidae
Possible Herbivores:
Several Erebidae

Several Geometridae

Several Noctuidae Larvae

Several Notodontidae Larvae

Many Tortricidae

Diurnea fagella

Endotricha flammealis Larva

Many Tenthredinidae

Several Chrysomelidae

Many Curculionidae

Deporaus betulae

Melolontha melolontha
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Idiocerus lituratus

Macropsis prasina

Bactericera curvatinervis

Bactericera striola

Psallus ambiguus

Aphrophora pectoralis
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Several Pentatomidae

Edwardsiana rosae

Speudotettix subfusculus
Possible Xylophages:
Anthaxia salicis Larva
(Wood Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva
(Wood Borer)
Florivores:
Xanthia icteritia Larva

Xanthia togata Larva
Possible Florivores:
Eana incanana

Gypsonoma dealbana Larva

Egle ciliata Larva

Neolygus contaminatus
Granivores:
Miris striatus

Orthotylus marginalis
Possible Granivores:
Closterotomus fulvomaculatus

Neolygus viridis
Mosses:
Hypnum cupressiforme

Orthotrichum lyellii
Wood Decomposers:
Hemipholiota populnea

Pholiota gummosa

Pluteus podospileus

Flammulina velutipes

Pleurotus ostreatus

Pleurotus pulmonarius

Stereum subtomentosum

Scytinostroma portentosum

Several Hymenochaetaceae

Exidia recisa

Odonticium septocystidia

Several Polyporaceae

Bjerkandera fumosa

Junghuhnia nitida

Trypophloeus asperatus

Ampedus pomonae Larva

Dasiops perpropinquus Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Asteroma salicis

Polyscytalum fecundissimum

Adela cuprella Larva

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Grey Willow


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster