Salix caprea Linnaeus 1753 (Family Salicaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Male Flowers

Female Flower

Fruit

Height: <12 m, Age: <60 yr
Ectomycorrhizal, Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Persistent Seed Bank
Dioecious, Flowering March - April (Earliest: 14.2)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Astragalin, Catechin, Cynaroside, Dihydrokaempferol, Dihydromyrcetin, Isoquercitrin,
Isorhamnetin, Luteolin, Naringenin, Quercetin, Quercimeritrin, Rutin, Taxifolin
Other
Phenolics
Coniferyl & Paracoumaryl Alcohols, Salicylic & Vanillic Acids, Gallocatechin,
Saligenin, Sinapaldehyde, Tannins

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Allophroides boops

Lamprotatus simillimus

Several Nymphalidae

Gonepteryx rhamni

Many Syrphidae

Scathophaga furcata

Scathophaga stercoraria

Musca autumnalis

Neomyia cornicina

Egle ciliata

Tachina ursina

Sepsis fulgens

Pollenia rudis

Limnophyes habilis

Rhamphomyia sulcata

Mycomya tenuis
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Mycorrhizae:
Several Cortinariaceae

Several Entolomataceae

Several Hymenogastraceae

Inocybe lacera

Inocybe rufoalba
Parasites:
Rhytisma salicinum

Monostichella salicis

Erysiphe adunca

Drepanopeziza triandrae

Melampsora epitea

Phellinopsis conchata

Several Coleophoridae

Stigmella salicis

Phyllonorycter salicicolella

Gypsonoma dealbana

Several Tenthredinidae

Several Cecidomyiidae

Aulagromyza tridentata

Rhamphus pulicarius Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Tachyerges salicis

Saperda populnea Larva
(Branch Gall)

Trachys minutus
Possible Parasites:
Several Polyporaceae

Bjerkandera fumosa

Phellinus igniarius

Inonotus hispidus

Caloptilia stigmatella Larva

Lyonetia clerkella
Herbivores:
Several Nymphalidae Larvae

Several Erebidae

Many Geometridae

Several Lasiocampidae

Many Noctuidae

Many Notodontidae

Several Tortricidae

Aglia tau Larva

Saturnia pavonia

Laothoe populi Larva

Cossus cossus

Batrachedra praeangusta Larva

Agonopterix ocellana Larva

Several Tenthredinidae

Pamphilius sylvaticus Larva

Arge ustulata Larva

Many Chrysomelidae

Several Curculionidae

Several Rhynchitidae
Possible Herbivores:
Several Erebidae

Several Geometridae

Several Noctuidae Larvae

Several Notodontidae Larvae

Many Tortricidae

Diurnea fagella

Endotricha flammealis Larva

Many Tenthredinidae

Several Chrysomelidae

Many Curculionidae

Deporaus betulae

Melolontha melolontha
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Several Cicadellidae

Psallus ambiguus

Aphrophora alni Nymph

Aphrophora pectoralis

Bactericera curvatinervis

Bactericera striola

Cixius nervosus
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Several Pentatomidae

Edwardsiana rosae

Speudotettix subfusculus
Xylophages:
Cervus elaphus

Agrilus viridis Larva
(Wood Borer)
Possible Xylophages:
Anthaxia salicis Larva
(Wood Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva
(Wood Borer)

Elodes minuta Adult
Florivores:
Xanthia icteritia Larva

Xanthia togata Larva

Eupithecia subfuscata

Epinotia demarniana Larva

Egle parva Larva
Possible Florivores:
Eana incanana

Gypsonoma dealbana Larva

Egle ciliata Larva

Neolygus contaminatus
Granivores:
Miris striatus

Orthotylus marginalis
Possible Granivores:
Closterotomus fulvomaculatus

Neolygus viridis
Lichens:
Several Parmeliaceae

Physcia adscendens

Candelariella reflexa

Amandinea punctata

Xanthoria parietina

Ramalina farinacea
Wood Decomposers:
Hemipholiota populnea

Pholiota gummosa

Pluteus podospileus

Flammulina velutipes

Pleurotus ostreatus

Pleurotus pulmonarius

Stereum subtomentosum

Scytinostroma portentosum

Several Hymenochaetaceae

Exidia recisa

Odonticium septocystidia

Several Polyporaceae

Bjerkandera fumosa

Junghuhnia nitida

Trypophloeus asperatus

Ampedus pomonae Larva

Dasiops perpropinquus Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Asteroma salicis

Polyscytalum fecundissimum

Rhytisma salicinum

Adela cuprella Larva

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Goat Willow


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2014 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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