Pseudotsuga menziesii [douglasii] (Mirbel 1825) Franco 1950 (Family Pinaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Male Flowers

Female Flowers

Fruit

Height: <60 m
Ectomycorrhizal
Monoecious, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 24.4)
Origin: Western North America

Protective Chemicals
Monoterpenoids Bornyl Acetate, Camphene, Citronellol, Geraniol, Limonene,
Linalool, Myrcene, Pinene, Sabinene, Terpinolene
Sesquiterpenoids Cadinene
Flavonoids Hyperoside, Naringin, Taxifolin
Other Phenolics Chlorogenic Acid, Anethole, Tannins

Biotopes:
Spruce Forest
Pollination: Wind
Mycorrhizae:
Cantharellus cibarius

Hydnum repandum

Thelephora terrestris

Several Amanitaceae

Most Hydnangiaceae

Several Inocybaceae

Hebeloma crustuliniforme

Hebeloma sinapizans

Cortinarius cinnamomeus

Lyophyllum decastes

Several Boletaceae

Paxillus involutus

Gomphidius glutinosus

Scleroderma citrinum

Several Russulaceae
Parasites:
Heterobasidion annosum

Phaeolus schweinitzii

Sparassis crispa

Armillaria ostoyae
Herbivores:
Several Geometridae

Lymantria monacha Larva

Aphelia viburnana Larva

Syndemis musculana Larva

Dioryctria abietella Larva

Several Curculionidae
Sapivores:
Gilletteella cooleyi
Xylophages:
Molorchus minor Larva (Wood Borer)

Pityogenes chalcographus (Wood Borer)
Granivores:
Cydia strobilella Larva

Gastrodes abietum

Megastigmus spermotrophus Larva
Lichens:
Hypogymnia physodes

Vulpicida pinastri

Cladonia coniocraea

Lepraria incana

Rinodina oleae

Arthonia radiata
Mosses:
Orthotrichum lyellii
Nests:
(Branches)

Ciconia nigra
Wood Decomposers:
Armillaria ostoyae

Hypholoma capnoides

Panellus mitis

Pleurocybella porrigens

Heterobasidion annosum

Stereum sanguinolentum

Tapinella atrotomentosa

Calocera viscosa

Pseudohydnum gelatinosum

Tubulicrinis subulatus

Tremella encephala

Several Fomitopsidaceae

Trichaptum abietinum

Pezicula livida

Several Curculionidae

Gymnosperm Generalists
Needle Decomposers:
Hemimycena lactea

Gymnosperm Generalists


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2012 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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