Prunus avium (Linnaeus 1753) Linnaeus 1755 (Family Rosaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Flowers

Fruit

Height: <25m; Age: <100 yr
Ectomycorrhizal, Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal, Extrafloral Nectaries
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 12.4)

Protective Chemicals
Cyanogenic Glycosides Amygdalin, Prunasin
Flavonoids Aromadendrin, Catechin, Eriodictyol, Isosakuranetin,
Naringenin, Procyanidin, Taxifolin
Other Phenolics Benzoic, Coumaric, Gallic, Protocatechuic, & Salicylic
Acids, Methyl Syringate, Methyl Vanillate, Tannins

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Rhingia campestris

Rhamphomyia sulcata

Byturus tomentosus
Parasites:
Blumeriella jaapii

Taphrina wiesneri

Pucciniastrum areolatum

Phellinus pomaceus

Laetiporus sulphureus

Coleophora hemerobiella

Coleophora spinella

Leucoptera malifoliella

Lyonetia clerkella

Stigmella oxyacanthella

Rhamphus oxyacanthae Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Possible Parasites:
Inonotus hispidus

Coleophora serratella

Trachys minutus
Herbivores:
Aporia crataegi

Nymphalis polychloros Larva

Several Geometridae

Several Noctuidae

Hedya pruniana

Pandemis cerasana

Phalera bucephala

Calliteara pudibunda

Yponomeuta padella

Mimas tiliae Larva

Malacosoma neustria

Caliroa cerasi

Neurotoma saltuum

Involvulus cupreus
Possible Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Many Tortricidae

Phlogophora meticulosa

Several Tenthredinidae

Several Chrysomelidae

Several Curculionidae
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Aphis fabae

Myzus cerasi

Pentatoma rufipes
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Edwardsiana frustrator

Speudotettix subfusculus

Palomena prasina

Centrotus cornutus

Thrips fuscipennis
Xylophages:
Tetrops praeustus Larva
(Wood Borer)

Scolytus rugulosus
(Wood Borer)
Florivores:
Eupithecia tripunctaria

Pasiphila rectangulata Larva
Frugivores:
Nucifraga caryocatactes

Argyresthia pruniella Larva

Several Rhynchitidae Larvae
Granivores:
Anthonomus rectirostris Larva
Lichens:
Wood Decomposers:
Phellinus pomaceus

Craterocolla cerasi

Laetiporus sulphureus

Xylaria polymorpha

Tetrops praeustus Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Fruit Decomposers:
Monilinia fructigena

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2011 J.K. Lindsey

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