Prunus avium (Linnaeus 1753) Linnaeus 1755 (Family Rosaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Flowers

Fruit

Height: <25m; Age: <100 yr
Ectomycorrhizal, Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 12.4)

Protective Chemicals
Cyanogenic Glycosides Amygdalin, Prunasin
Flavonoids Aromadendrin, Catechin, Eriodictyol, Isosakuranetin,
Naringenin, Procyanidin, Taxifolin
Other Phenolics Benzoic, Coumaric, Gallic, Protocatechuic, & Salicylic
Acids, Methyl Syringate, Methyl Vanillate, Tannins

(Wood Borer)
Biotopes:
Hedge Rows
Flower Visitors:
Bombus lucorum

Rhingia campestris

Byturus tomentosus
Parasites:
Blumeriella jaapii

Taphrina wiesneri

Phellinus pomaceus

Laetiporus sulphureus

Coleophora hemerobiella

Coleophora spinella

Lyonetia clerkella

Stigmella oxyacanthella

Rhamphus oxyacanthae Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Possible Parasites:
Inonotus hispidus

Trachys minutus
Herbivores:
Aporia crataegi

Nymphalis polychloros Larva

Several Geometridae

Several Noctuidae

Phalera bucephala

Hedya pruniana

Pandemis cerasana

Calliteara pudibunda

Yponomeuta padella

Caliroa cerasi

Neurotoma saltuum

Involvulus cupreus
Possible Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Several Tortricidae

Phlogophora meticulosa

Several Tenthredinidae Larvae

Several Chrysomelidae

Several Curculionidae
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Pentatoma rufipes

Myzus cerasi
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Palomena prasina

Cixius simplex

Thrips fuscipennis
Xylophages:
Tetrops praeustus Larva
Florivores:
Eupithecia tripunctaria

Pasiphila rectangulata Larva
Frugivores:
Nucifraga caryocatactes

Argyresthia pruniella Larva

Several Rhynchitidae Larvae
Granivores:
Anthonomus rectirostris Larva
Lichens:
Wood Decomposers:
Phellinus pomaceus

Craterocolla cerasi

Laetiporus sulphureus

Xylaria polymorpha

Tetrops praeustus Larva

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2011 J.K. Lindsey

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