Pinus sylvestris Linnaeus 1753 (Family Pinaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Male Flowers

Fruit

Height: <30 m, Age: <200 yr
Ectomycorrhizal
Persistent Seed Bank
Monoecious, Flowering May - June (Earliest: 29.4)

Protective Chemicals
Monoterpenoids Bornyl Acetate, Camphene, Carene, Limonene, Menthatriene, Myrcene,
Ocimene, Phellandrene, Pinene, Sabinene, Terpinene, Terpinolene, Thujene
Sesquiterpenoids Bicyclogermacrene, Cadinene, Caryophyllene, Copaene, Elemene,
Farnesene, Germacrene, Humulene, Muurolene
Phenolics Pinosylvin, Tannins
Acids Abietic, Dehydroabietic, Neoabietic, Palustric, Pimaric
Polyhydroxysteroids Typhasterol

Biotopes:
Spruce Forest

Hedge Rows
Pollination: Wind
Mycorrhizae:
Cantharellus cibarius

Craterellus tubaeformis

Coltricia perennis

Thelephora terrestris

Many Boletaceae

Suillus bovinus

Suillus luteus

Paxillus involutus

Scleroderma bovista

Scleroderma citrinum

Many Russulaceae

Many Amanitaceae

Many Cortinariaceae

Most Hydnangiaceae

Several Hygrophoraceae

Several Hymenogastraceae

Many Inocybaceae

Several Tricholomataceae

Clitopilus prunulus

Entoloma rhodopolium

Entoloma vernum
Parasites:
Heterobasidion annosum

Fomitopsis pinicola

Phaeolus schweinitzii

Sparassis crispa

Armillaria ostoyae
Herbivores:
Many Geometridae

Several Tortricidae

Sphinx pinastri

Lymantria monacha Larva

Panolis flammea Larva

Panthea coenobita Larva

Dioryctria abietella Larva

Many Curculionidae
Sapivores:
Phytocoris pini

Balclutha punctata

Aphrophora corticea

Prociphilus pini

Cixius simplex
Xylophages:
Several Cerambycidae Larvae (Wood Borers)

Several Curculionidae

Anthaxia quadripunctata Larva (Wood Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva
(Wood Borer)
Granivores:
Streptopelia turtur

Cydia strobilella Larva

Gastrodes grossipes
Lichens:
Several Parmeliaceae

Cladonia coniocraea

Lepraria incana
Mosses:
Dicranoweisia cirrata
Wood Decomposers:
Several Strophariaceae

Mycena purpureofusca

Panellus mitis

Tricholomopsis decora

Tricholomopsis rutilans

Armillaria ostoyae

Pluteus roseipes

Psathyrella caput-medusae

Gymnopilus sapineus

Pleurocybella porrigens

Heterobasidion annosum

Stereum sanguinolentum

Tapinella atrotomentosa

Several Dacrymycetaceae

Exidia saccharina

Pseudohydnum gelatinosum

Tremella encephala

Tubulicrinis subulatus

Several Fomitopsidaceae

Skeletocutis amorpha

Trichaptum abietinum

Pezicula livida

Several Cerambycidae Larvae

Several Curculionidae

Xylosciara lignicola Larva

Gymnosperm Generalists
Needle Decomposers:
Several Mycenaceae

Gymnosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Scots Pine


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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