Malus sylvestris Miller 1768 (Family Rosaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaf

Flowers

Fruit

Height: <10 m, Age: <100 yr
Arbuscular and Ectomycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 24.4)

Protective Chemicals
Cyanogenic Glycosides Amygdalin
Saponins Ursolic Acid
Flavonoids Apigenin, Catechin, Cosmosiin, Cynaroside, Epicatechin,
Glucopyranoside, Kaempferol, Luteolin, Phloretin, Phloridzin, Quercetin
Other Phenolics Benzoic & Gallic Acids, Malvin, Tannins
Other Acids Malic

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows
Flower Visitors:
Bombus lucorum
Parasites:
Viscum album

Venturia inaequalis

Schizothyrium pomi

Aurantiporus fissilis

Cerrena unicolor

Phellinus igniarius

Inonotus hispidus

Pholiota squarrosa

Several Coleophoridae

Several Nepticulidae

Incurvaria pectinea

Lyonetia clerkella

Callisto denticulella

Several Curculionidae Larvae

Trachys minutus
Herbivores:
Aporia crataegi

Nymphalis polychloros Larva

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae

Many Tortricidae

Calliteara pudibunda

Lymantria dispar Larva

Swammerdamia pyrella Larva

Yponomeuta padella

Phalera bucephala

Stauropus fagi Larva

Carcina quercana Larva

Nola confusalis

Phycita roborella Larva

Cossus cossus

Ypsolopha horridella

Caliroa cerasi

Several Curculionidae

Byctiscus betulae

Rhynchites bacchus

Luperus longicornis

Phyllopertha horticola
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Several Miridae

Aphis fabae

Macrosiphum rosae

Palomena prasina

Pentatoma rufipes
Xylophages:
Synanthedon myopaeformis Larva (Wood Borer)

Several Cerambycidae Larvae

Agrilus sinuatus Larva
(Wood Borer)

Anthaxia salicis Larva
(Wood Borer)

Magdalis cerasi Larva
(Wood Borer)

Magdalis ruficornis Larva (Wood Borer)

Haplorhynchites caeruleus Larva
Florivores:
Pasiphila rectangulata Larva
Frugivores:
Vulpes vulpes

Meles meles

Turdus merula

Bombycilla garrulus

Rhynchites bacchus Larva

Tatianaerhynchites aequatus

Byturus tomentosus

Miris striatus

Orthotylus marginalis

Pammene rhediella Larva
Wood Decomposers:
Phellinus igniarius

Tetrops praeustus Larva (Wood Borer)

Crassa unitella

Angiosperm Generalists
Fruit Decomposers:
Monilinia fructigena

Schizothyrium pomi

Penicillium expansum

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2013 J.K. Lindsey

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