Fraxinus excelsior Linnaeus 1753 (Family Oleaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaf

Flowers

Fruit

Height: <30 m, Age: <200 yr
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite/Monoecious/Dioecious, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 25.4)

Protective Chemicals
Iridoid
Glycosides
Excelside, Excelsioside, Ligstroside,
Nuzhenide, Oleoside, Oleuropein
Coumarins Fraxetin, Fraxin
Other Phenolics Salidroside, Tannins
Acids Malic
Polyols Mannitol

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows

Beech Forest
Mycorrhizae:
Hebeloma sordescens

Lactarius flavidus
Parasites:
Venturia fraxini

Bjerkandera fumosa

Sarcodontia spumea

Aurantiporus fissilis

Cerrena unicolor

Inonotus cuticularis

Inonotus hispidus

Praydidae Larvae
(Leaf Miners)
Herbivores:
Many Geometridae

Several Noctuidae Larvae

Several Tortricidae

Callimorpha dominula

Lymantria monacha Larva

Cossus cossus

Poecilocampa populi

Several Tenthredinidae

Agrilus cyanescens

Clytra laeviuscula

Crepidodera aurata

Polydrusus marginatus
Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Pentatoma rufipes

Prociphilus bumeliae

Thrips fuscipennis
Xylophages:
Hylesinus fraxini Larva
(Wood Borer)

Otiorhynchus coecus Larva

Dinoptera collaris Larva

Denticollis linearis Larva
Granivores:
Clethrionomys glareolus

Several Miridae
Lichens:
Physconia grisea

Chrysothrix candelaris

Varicellaria hemisphaerica
Wood Decomposers:
Marasmius cohaerens

Mycena arcangeliana

Pluteus podospileus

Coprinellus domesticus

Psathyrella leucotephra

Crepidotus mollis

Scytinostroma portentosum

Eichleriella deglubens

Myxarium nucleatum

Tremella mesenterica

Skeletocutis nivea

Trametes ochracea

Bjerkandera fumosa

Postia subcaesia

Lonchaea contigua Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Marasmius cohaerens

Lepista irina

Venturia fraxini

Angiosperm Generalists

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Ash


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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