Frangula alnus [Rhamnus frangula] Miller 1798 (Family Rhamnaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: <5 m
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering May - September (Earliest: 9.5)

Protective Chemicals
Phenolics Tannins
Quinonoids Chrysophanol, Emodin, Frangulin,
Glucofrangulin, Physcion, Rhein

Biotopes:
Wet Meadows

Spruce Forest Edge
Flower Visitors:
Gnotus tenuipes

Dolerus vestigialis

Synanthedon spheciformis

Empis aestiva

Neoplatyura nigricauda

Cantharis fusca
Parasites:
Ascochyta frangulina

Septoria frangulae

Microsphaera divaricata

Puccinia coronata

Bucculatrix frangutella

Trachys minutus

Trioza rhamni
Herbivores:
Gonepteryx rhamni Larva

Callophrys rubi Larva

Celastrina argiolus Larva

Several Geometridae

Asteroscopus sphinx

Amphipyra pyramidea Larva

Ancylis apicella

Ancylis obtusana Larva

Saturnia pavonia
Sapivores:
Psallus perrisi

Aphis frangulae
Florivores:
Neolygus contaminatus
Frugivores:
Several Miridae

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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