Fagus sylvatica Linnaeus 1753 (Family Fagaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Male Flower

Colour Variant

Female Flower

Fruit

Height: <40 m, Age: <300 yr
Ectomycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Monoecious, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 17.4)

Protective Chemicals
Monoterpenoids Sabinene
Flavonoids Catechin, Epicatechin, Taxifolin
Other Phenolics Coniferin, Creosol, Isoconiferin, Syringin, Tannins
Amino Acids Nicotianamine

.
Biotopes:
Beech Forest

Hedge Rows
Seed Dispersal:
Garrulus glandarius
Mycorrhizae:
Hydnaceae

Cantharellaceae

Phallus impudicus

Many Boletaceae

Paxillus involutus

Scleroderma citrinum

Many Russulaceae

Many Amanitaceae

Many Cortinariaceae

Several Entolomataceae

Several Hygrophoraceae

Several Hymenogastraceae

Many Inocybaceae

Many Tricholomataceae

Laccaria amethystina

Laccaria laccata
Parasites:
Mycosphaerella fagi

Apiognomonia errabunda

Taphrina fagicola

Several Hymenochaetaceae

Several Fomitopsidaceae

Ganodermataceae

Several Polyporaceae

Bjerkandera fumosa

Sparassis laminosa

Meripilus giganteus

Chondrostereum purpureum

Pleurotus dryinus

Pleurotus ostreatus

Armillaria mellea

Armillaria ostoyae

Mucidula mucida

Pholiota squarrosa

Gymnopus fusipes

Several Gracillariidae

Stigmella hemargyrella

Stigmella tityrella

Bucculatrix thoracella

Incurvaria masculella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Coleophora currucipennella Larva

Hartigiola annulipes

Mikiola fagi

Orchestes fagi

Acalitus stenaspis

Aceria nervisequa
Herbivores:
Cervidae

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae

Nolidae

Several Notodontidae

Many Tortricidae

Aglia tau Larva

Nematopogon adansoniella Larva

Carcina quercana Larva

Diurnea fagella

Watsonalla cultraria Larva

Arctornis l-nigrum Larva

Apoda limacodes Larva

Several Tenthredinidae

Many Curculionidae

Byctiscus betulae

Deporaus betulae

Agrilus cyanescens

Melolontha melolontha

Clytra laeviuscula
Sapivores:
Palomena prasina

Pentatoma rufipes

Blepharidopterus angulatus

Psallus varians

Fagocyba cruenta

Phyllaphis fagi

Pealius quercus
Xylophages:
Several Cerambycidae Larvae
(Wood Borer)

Pyrochroa coccinea Larva
(Wood Borer)

Hylesinus fraxini Larva
(Wood Borer)

Aprionus flavidus Larva
Granivores:
Cervidae

Sus scrofa

Sciurus vulgaris

Several Muridae

Meles meles

Columba oenas

Columba palumbus

Several Paridae

Sitta europaea

Garrulus glandarius

Several Fringillidae

Cydia fagiglandana Larva
Bark Lichens and Fungi:
Several Lecanoraceae

Several Parmeliaceae

Several Physciaceae

Candelariella reflexa

Pertusaria albescens

Xanthoria parietina

Chrysothrix candelaris

Phlyctis argena

Buellia griseovirens

Ochrolechia androgyna

Strangospora pinicola

Enterographa hutchinsiae

Graphis scripta

Cladonia digitata

Lepraria incana

Ramalina pollinaria

Ascodichaena rugosa

Mycena erubescens

Mycena meliigena

Phloeomana hiemalis

Phloeomana minutula

Clitocybe metachroa

Galerina mniophila

Clitopilus scyphoides

Hohenbuehelia reniformis
Mosses:
Orthotrichaceae

Antitrichia curtipendula

Hypnum cupressiforme
Nests:
(Branches)

Ciconia nigra

Pernis apivorus

Milvus milvus

Falco tinnunculus

Falco subbuteo

Columba palumbus
Asio otus
Nests:
(Cavity)

Columba oenas
Strix aluco Aegolius funereus Picus canus

Dryocopus martius

Sturnus vulgaris
Wood Decomposers:
Several Inocybaceae

Several Marasmiaceae

Several Mycenaceae

Several Omphalotaceae

Several Physalacriaceae

Several Pluteaceae

Many Psathyrellaceae

Mycenella margaritispora

Phloeomana minutula

Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis

Pleurotus ostreatus

Schizophyllum commune

Plicaturopsis crispa

Chondrostereum purpureum

Radulomyces confluens

Several Peniophoraceae

Several Stereaceae

Scytinostroma portentosum

Several Hymenochaetaceae

Several Schizoporaceae

Eichleriella deglubens

Exidia nigricans

Myxarium nucleatum

Calocera cornea

Dacrymyces minor

Tremella mesenterica

Botryobasidium subcoronatum

Odonticium septocystidia

Oxyporus latemarginatus

Several Fomitopsidaceae

Ganodermataceae

Several Meruliaceae

Several Phanerochaetaceae

Many Polyporaceae

Xenasmatella vaga

Phlebiella fibrillosa

Xenasma pulverulentum

Meripilus giganteus

Several Helotiaceae

Several Xylariaceae

Dasyscyphella nivea

Bisporella citrina

Bisporella pallescens

Bulgaria inquinans

Melogramma spiniferum

Botryosphaeria quercuum

Diatrype disciformis

Diatrypella favacea

Bispora antennata

Leocarpus fragilis

Several Lonchaeidae Larvae

Xylota segnis Larva

Xylota sylvarum Larva

Xylosciara lignicola Larva

Tipula flavolineata Larva

Epiphragma ocellare Larva

Pyrrhidium sanguineum Larva

Platycis minutus Larva

Trypodendron signatum

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Several Mycenaceae

Several Psathyrellaceae

Several Tricholomataceae

Gymnopus brassicolens

Gymnopus hariolorum

Marasmius cohaerens

Marasmius wynnei

Flammulaster carpophilus

Myochromella boudieri

Leucocybe candicans

Coccomyces coronatus

Paradendryphiopsis laxa

Rhexoampullifera fagi

Polyscytalum fecundissimum

Microthyrium microscopicum

Apiognomonia errabunda

Bradysia placida Larva

Corynoptera forcipata Larva

Trichocera hiemalis Larva

Trichocera parva Larva

Cheilotrichia cinerascens Larva

Ormosia lineata Larva

Sylvicola fenestralis Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Fruit Decomposers:
Hymenoscyphus fructigenus

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Beech


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

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