Crataegus laevigata [oxyacantha] (Poiret 1798) de Candolle 1825 (Family Rosaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: <10 m, Age: <500 yr
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 27.4)

Protective Chemicals
Cyanogenic Glycosides Amygdalin
Saponins Ursolic Acid
Other Triterpenoids Butyrospermol
Flavonoids Acetylvitexin, Catechin, Crateside, Epicatechin,
Glycosylapigenin, Hyperoside, Procyanidin,
Quercetin, Rutin, Vicenin, Vitexin
Tannins Proanthocyanidin
Other Phenolics Chlorogenic Acid
Amino Acids Isoamylamine
Other Acids Ascorbic
Sterols Sitosterol

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Hoplocampa alpina

Tenthredo temula

Araschnia levana

Vanessa atalanta

Callophrys rubi

Euclidia glyphica

Several Calliphoridae

Many Empididae

Many Syrphidae

Graphomya minor

Phaonia gobertii

Bibio lanigerus

Scathophaga stercoraria

Chlorops calceatus

Egle parva

Sarcophaga carnaria

Rhagio scolopaceus

Several Cerambycidae

Byturus ochraceus

Byturus tomentosus

Mordella holomelaena

Anaspis fasciata

Anaspis frontalis

Eusphalerum signatum

Meligethes atratus

Agriotes pallidulus
Parasites:
Diplocarpon mespili

Sphaerulina oxyacanthae

Monilinia johnsonii

Taphrina crataegi

Venturia crataegi

Podosphaera clandestina

Inonotus hispidus

Several Coleophoridae

Parornix anglicella Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae

Paraswammerdamia nebulella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Incurvaria masculella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Bucculatrix bechsteinella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Stigmella oxyacanthella

Callisto denticulella

Lyonetia clerkella

Several Curculionidae Larvae

Trachys minutus

Dasineura crataegi

Resseliella crataegi Larva
(Stem Gall)

Phyllocoptes goniothorax

Eriophyes crataegi
Herbivores:
Aporia crataegi

Nymphalis polychloros Larva

Polygonia c-album Larva

Several Erebidae

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae

Many Tortricidae

Several Yponomeutidae

Ptilodon capucina Larva

Stauropus fagi Larva

Diurnea lipsiella

Argyresthia bonnetella Larva

Saturnia pavonia

Lasiocampa quercus

Poecilocampa populi

Several Tenthredinidae

Neurotoma saltuum

Pamphilius sylvaticus Larva

Arge melanochroa Larva

Arge ustulata Larva

Trichiosoma tibiale

Several Chrysomelidae

Many Curculionidae

Byctiscus betulae

Rhynchites bacchus

Melolontha melolontha
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Several Cicadellidae

Several Miridae

Palomena prasina

Pentatoma rufipes

Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale

Cacopsylla peregrina

Cixius simplex
Xylophages:
Synanthedon myopaeformis Larva (Wood Borer)

Tetrops praeustus Larva (Wood Borer)

Agrilus sinuatus Larva
(Wood Borer)

Magdalis cerasi Larva
(Wood Borer)

Magdalis ruficornis Larva (Wood Borer)

Haplorhynchites caeruleus Larva
Florivores:
Several Geometridae

Protaetia cuprea
Frugivores:
Grapholita janthinana Larva

Pammene rhediella Larva

Hoplocampa crataegi Larva

Closterotomus fulvomaculatus

Miris striatus

Dolycoris baccarum

Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale Nymph

Rhynchites bacchus Larva

Tatianaerhynchites aequatus

Byturus tomentosus
Granivores:
Anthonomus rectirostris Larva

Torymus varians Larva
Lichens:
Xanthoria parietina

Physcia adscendens

Melanelia subaurifera

Parmelia sulcata

Lecanora carpinea
Nests:
Streptopelia turtur

Sylvia curruca

Laniidae

Emberiza citrinella
Wood Decomposers:
Psathyrella leucotephra

Tetrops praeustus Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Camposporium pellucidum

Venturia crataegi

Angiosperm Generalists
Fruit Decomposers:
Tubaria dispersa

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

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