Corylus avellana Linnaeus 1753 (Family Betulaceae)


Tree

Bark

Leaves

Male Flowers

Female Flower

Fruit

Height: <4 m, Age: <30 yr
Ectomycorrhizal
Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Monoecious, Flowering February - April (Earliest: 20.1)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Kaempferol, Myricetin, Quercetin
Other Phenolics Caffeoylquinic, Caffeoyltartaric, Caftaric, Chicoric, Coumaric,
Coumaroyltartaric, Ferulic, Gallic, Gentisic, & Sinapic Acids, Tannins
Other Acids Carboxylic, Quinic

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows
Pollination: Wind
Flower Visitors:
Apis mellifera
Seed Dispersal:
Nucifraga caryocatactes

Garrulus glandarius
Mycorrhizae:
Hydnum repandum

Phallus impudicus

Many Cortinariaceae

Several Hymenogastraceae

Several Inocybaceae

Several Tricholomataceae

Amanita rubescens

Hygrophorus chrysodon

Several Boletaceae

Several Russulaceae
Parasites:
Asteroma coryli

Phyllosticta coryli

Phellinus igniarius

Aurantiporus fissilis

Cerrena unicolor

Incurvaria masculella Larva (Leaf Miner)

Incurvaria pectinea

Stigmella floslactella

Phyllonorycter coryli

Coleophora currucipennella Larva

Coleophora serratella

Trachys minutus

Saperda populnea Larva
(Branch Gall)
Herbivores: Bonasa bonasia
Polygonia c-album Larva

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae

Several Notodontidae

Saturniidae

Many Tortricidae

Calliteara pudibunda

Orgyia antiqua

Drepana curvatula Larva

Ochropacha duplaris

Diurnea fagella

Endromis versicolora Larva

Parornix devoniella

Pseudoips prasinana Larva

Lasiocampa quercus

Ypsolopha parenthesella Larva

Endotricha flammealis Larva

Hypatima rhomboidella Larva

Many Tenthredinidae

Several Chrysomelidae

Many Curculionidae

Byctiscus betulae

Deporaus betulae

Helicidae
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Many Miridae

Several Pentatomidae

Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale

Pealius quercus
Xylophages:
Hylesinus fraxini Larva
(Wood Borer)
Florivores:
Neolygus contaminatus
Granivores:
Sciurus vulgaris

Several Muridae

Meles meles

Columba palumbus

Parus major

Sitta europaea

Garrulus glandarius

Nucifraga caryocatactes

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Cydia fagiglandana Larva

Curculio nucum

Several Miridae

Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale Nymph
Wood Decomposers:
Several Hymenochaetaceae

Hyphodontia barba-jovis

Tremella mesenterica

Skeletocutis nivea

Hypoxylon fuscum

Diatrypella favacea

Bispora antennata

Angiosperm Generalists
Leaf Decomposers:
Myochromella boudieri

Adela reaumurella Larva

Nemophora degeerella Larva

Angiosperm Generalists
Fruit Decomposers:
Hymenoscyphus fructigenus

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Hazel


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2009 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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