Calluna vulgaris (Linnaeus 1753) Hull 1808 (Family Ericaceae)


Plant

Leaves

Flower

Fruit

Height: 15-80cm, Age: <15 yr
Ericoid Mycorrhizal
Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering July - September (Earliest: 24.6)

Protective Chemicals
Glycosides Ericolin
Flavonoids Apigenin, Callunin, Kaempferol, Procyanidin, Quercetin, Querectin, Rodiolinozide
Other Phenolics Caffeoylquinic & Chlorogenic Acids, Arbutin, Orcinol, Quinol, Tannins

Biotopes:
Heath and Moorland

Spruce Forest Edge
Pollination: Wind
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Mellinus arvensis

Several Lycaenidae

Several Nymphalidae

Pieris napi

Pieris rapae

Autographa gamma

Several Muscidae

Many Syrphidae

Melinda gentilis

Pollenia amentaria

Gymnosoma costatum

Sarcophaga carnaria

Fannia umbrosa

Scathophaga stercoraria

Sepsis fulgens

Empis vitripennis

Botanophila discreta

Ochlerotatus punctor

Dilophus febrilis
Herbivores:
Cervus elaphus

Callophrys rubi Larva

Celastrina argiolus Larva

Several Erebidae

Many Geometridae

Many Noctuidae

Several Tortricidae Larvae

Lasiocampa quercus

Macrothylacia rubi

Euclidia mi Larva

Neofaculta ericetella Larva

Saturnia pavonia

Several Chrysomelidae

Strophosoma capitatum
Sapivores:
Globiceps fulvicollis

Lygus pratensis

Macrodema microptera

Philaenus spumarius
Florivores:
Several Geometridae

Elaphria venustula Larva
Nests:
Saxicola rubicola

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Heather


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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