Lolium perenne Linnaeus 1753 (Family Poaceae)

Height: 10-80cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Tufts, Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering May - October (Earliest: 1.5)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Ergovaline, Halostachine, Lolitrem, Perlolidine, Perloline, Peramine
Monoterpenoids Linalool
Sesquiterpenoids Spathulenol
Phenolics Coumaric, Diferulic, Ferulic, & Hydroxybenzoic Acids, Estragole,
Eugenol, Methyl Cinnamate, Methyl Eugenol, Myristicin
Quinonoids Anthraquinone

Biotopes:
Meadows
Pollination: Wind
Flower Visitors:
Rhagonycha fulva
Parasites:
Claviceps purpurea

Blumeria graminis

EpichloŽ typhina

Puccinia coronata

Several Chloropidae Larvae
(Stem Borers)

Geomyza tripunctata Larva
(Stem Borer)

Opomyza germinationis Larva
(Stem Borer)

Cerodontha denticornis Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Liriomyza flaveola Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Hydrellia griseola Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Herbivores:
Several Nymphalidae Larvae

Ochlodes sylvanus Larva

Thymelicus lineola Larva

Mythimna pallens Larva

Several Tenthredinidae

Neocrepidodera ferruginea

Oulema melanopus

Tipula paludosa Larva
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Several Cicadellidae

Several Delphacidae

Capsus ater

Stenotus binotatus

Neophilaenus lineatus

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Perennial Ryegrass


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2007 J.K. Lindsey

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