Lolium perenne Linnaeus 1753 (Family Poaceae)

Height: 10-80cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Tufts, Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering May - October (Earliest: 1.5)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Ergovaline, Halostachine, Lolitrem, Perlolidine, Perloline, Peramine
Monoterpenoids Linalool
Sesquiterpenoids Spathulenol
Phenolics Coumaric, Diferulic, Ferulic, & Hydroxybenzoic Acids, Estragole,
Eugenol, Methyl Cinnamate, Methyl Eugenol, Myristicin
Quinonoids Anthraquinone

Biotopes:
Meadows
Pollination: Wind
Flower Visitors:
Rhagonycha fulva
Flower Visitors:
Melanostoma scalare
Parasites:
Claviceps purpurea

Puccinia coronata

Several Chloropidae Larvae
(Stem Borers)

Opomyzidae Larvae
(Stem Borers)

Cerodontha denticornis Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Liriomyza flaveola Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Herbivores:
Several Nymphalidae Larvae

Ochlodes sylvanus Larva

Thymelicus lineola Larva

Mythimna pallens Larva

Several Tenthredinidae

Neocrepidodera ferruginea

Oulema melanopus

Tipula paludosa Larva
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Several Delphacidae

Capsus ater

Neophilaenus lineatus

Sitobion avenae

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Perennial Ryegrass


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2007 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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