Viola tricolor Linnaeus 1753 (Family Violaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower Colour Variants

Fruit

Height: 5-40cm
Rarely Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Annual/Perennial
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - October (Earliest: 8.3)

Protective Chemicals
Triterpenoids Saponins
Flavonoids Apigenin, Chrysoeriol, Isorhamnetin, Kaempferol,
Quercetin, Luteolin, Rutin, Violanthin, Violaquercitrin
Other Phenolics Methyl Salicylate, Tannins

Biotopes:
Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Lasiommata megera

Autographa gamma
Seed Dispersal: Projection
Parasites:
Ramularia agrestis

Liriomyza strigata

Calliopum aeneum Larva (Stem Miner)
Herbivores:
Argynnis paphia Larva

Issoria lathonia Larva

Charanyca ferruginea Larva

Noctua fimbriata Larva

Ametastegia glabrata Larva
Possible Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Diarsia mendica Larva

Xanthorhoe quadrifasiata Larva

Ametastegia equiseti Larva

Cylindrotoma distinctissima Larva
Possible Sapivores:
Mecomma ambulans

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Wild Pansy


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster