Tussilago farfara Linnaeus 1753 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 7-25cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Rhizomatous, Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering February - May (Earliest: 10.2)

Protective Chemicals
Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids Senecionine, Senkirkine, Tussilagine
Other Alkaloids Tussilaginine
Sesquiterpenoids Bisabolene, Faradiol, Farfaratin, Tussilagone
Flavonoids Hyperoside, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Rutin
Other Phenolics Gallic Acid, Tannins
Other Acids Acetic, Stearic
Sterols Daucosterol, Ergosterol, Sitosterol,
Spinasterol, Stigmasterol
Other Triacontanol

Biotopes:
Meadows

Spruce Forest Edge
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Itoplectis alternans

Allophroides boops

Mesopolobus aequus

Stictomischus scaposus

Several Nymphalidae

Anthocharis cardamines

Gonepteryx rhamni

Several Anthomyiidae

Several Calliphoridae

Several Muscidae

Several Phoridae

Several Scathophagidae

Many Syrphidae

Aphanotrigonum nigripes

Aphanotrigonum trilineatum

Gonia picea

Tachina ursina

Scaptomyza graminum

Scaptomyza pallida

Sepsis fulgens

Sepsis violacea

Leptometopa niveipennis

Phyllomyza flavitarsis

Bradysia nitidicollis

Ensina sonchi

Geomyza tripunctata

Bombylius major

Borborillus uncinatus

Sagittogethes ovatus

Chaetocnema hortensis

Thrips trehernei
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Asteroma impressum

Puccinia poarum

Scrobipalpa acuminatella Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Platyptilia gonodactyla

Liriomyza strigata

Phytomyza tussilaginis

Acidia cognata

Stemonocera cornuta
Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Autographa gamma

Papestra biren Larva

Scoparia subfusca Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Phyllobius vespertinus

Galeruca tanaceti

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Coltsfoot


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2007 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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