Taraxacum campylodes Haglund 1948 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaves

Flower

Fruit

Height: 5-40cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering March - October (Earliest: 19.2)

Protective Chemicals
Cyanogenic Glycosides Prunasin
Sesquiterpenoids Ainslioside, Dihydroconiferin, Dihydrolactucin,
Dihydrosyringin, Ixerin, Taraxacin
Coumarins Aesculin, Cichoriin
Flavonoids Chrysoeriol, Luteolin
Other Phenolics Caffeic, Chicoric, Chlorogenic, Hydroxybenzoic,
& Monocaffeyltartaric Acids, Syringin
Other Acids Taraxinic
Enzymes Taraxalisin

Biotopes:
Meadows

Around Buildings
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Several Ichneumonidae

Several Tenthredinidae

Ectemnius dives

Microplitis viduus

Pteromalus hieracii

Many Nymphalidae

Several Pieridae

Pyrgus malvae

Thymelicus lineola

Lycaena phlaeas

Papilio machaon

Autographa gamma

Euclidia glyphica

Several Anthomyiidae

Several Calliphoridae

Many Empididae

Several Muscidae

Many Syrphidae

Bibio johannis

Bibio marci

Macquartia nudigena

Siphona ingerae

Sarcophaga carnaria

Scathophaga stercoraria

Myopa extricata

Nephrotoma cornicina

Hydrellia fulviceps

Fannia umbrosa

Chrysanthia geniculata

Oedemera virescens

Anthaxia quadripunctata

Anthaxia salicis

Fabogethes nigrescens

Sagittogethes ovatus

Rhagonycha fulva

Agriotes pallidulus

Paracorymbia maculicornis

Lygus rugulipennis
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Podosphaera fusca

Ramularia taraxaci

Several Agromyzidae

Ensina sonchi Larva
(Flower Gall)
Herbivores:
Columbidae

Several Erebidae

Many Geometridae Larvae

Many Noctuidae

Several Tortricidae

Deilephila elpenor

Triodia sylvina Larva

Neocrepidodera ferruginea

Phyllotreta vittula

Otiorhynchus ligustici
Sapivores:
Aphrodes bicinctus

Aphrodes makarovi

Lygocoris pabulinus

Aphis fabae

Tenothrips frici
Florivores:
Protaetia cuprea

Cryptocephalus hypochaeridis
Granivores:
Fringillidae

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Common Dandelion


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster