Galeopsis bifida von Boenninghausen 1824 (Family Lamiaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 20-80cm
Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Annual, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - September (Earliest: 5.7)

Protective Chemicals
Saponins Hederagenin
Sesquiterpenoids Caryophyllene, Germacrene, Spathulenol
Iridoids Ajugoside
Flavonoids Chrysoeriol
Other Phenolics Martynoside
Acids Epoxy, Hydroxy

Biotopes:
Wet Meadows
Seed Dispersal: Hitch-hiking
Parasites:
Neoerysiphe galeopsidis
Possible Herbivores:
Diaphora mendica

Cnephasia incertana
Possible Sapivores:
Mecomma ambulans

Aulacorthum solani
Possible Florivores:
Eupithecia satyrata
Granivores:
Parus cristatus

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Small Hemp-nettle


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2006 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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