Cirsium vulgare (Savi 1798) Tenore 1835 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaves

Flower

Fruit

Height: 40-120cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Biennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering July - August (Earliest: 25.6)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Apigenin, Genkwanin, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Scutellarin
Other Phenolics Caffeic, Coumaric, Ferulic, Hydroxybenzoic, Protocatechuic, & Vanillic Acids
Sterols Brassicasterol, Campesterol, Sitosterol, Stigmasterol

Biotopes:
Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Several Nymphalidae

Gonepteryx rhamni

Pieris brassicae

Thymelicus sylvestris

Autographa gamma

Several Syrphidae

Paracorymbia maculicornis

Adelphocoris lineolatus

Closterotomus norwegicus
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Golovinomyces cichoracearum

Puccinia cnici

Aethes cnicana Larva
(Seeds & Stem Borer)

Scrobipalpa acuminatella Larva

Several Tephritidae Larvae
(Flower & Stem Galls)

Cheilosia grossa Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)

Cheilosia variabilis Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)

Melanagromyza aeneoventris (Leaf Miner)

Phytomyza spinaciae

Palloptera umbellatarum Larva
(Flower Gall)

Agapanthia villosoviridescens Larva (Stem Borer)

Ceratapion carduorum Larva
(Stem Borer)

Ceratapion onopordi Larva
(Stem Borer)

Lixus pulverulentus Larva
(Stem Borer)
Possible Parasites:
Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Protearomyia nigra Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Several Tortricidae

Autographa gamma

Diachrysia chrysitis Larva

Epiblema scutulana Larva

Ametastegia tenera

Cassida rubiginosa

Neocrepidodera transversa

Phyllobius pyri Larva

Forficula auricularia
Possible Herbivores:
Anania perlucidalis Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Celypha lacunana

Agonopterix arenella Larva

Cassida prasina

Neocrepidodera ferruginea
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Apolygus spinolae

Lygocoris pabulinus

Tingis cardui
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Palomena prasina

Enoplops scapha

Aphrodes makarovi

Evacanthus interruptus
Florivores:
Eupithecia satyrata

Several Curculionidae Larvae
Possible Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata

Cnephasia pasiuana
Possible Granivores:
Eurygaster maura

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Spear Thistle


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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