Cirsium vulgare (Savi 1798) Tenore 1835 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaves

Flower

Fruit

Height: 40-120cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Biennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering July - August (Earliest: 25.6)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Apigenin, Genkwanin, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Scutellarin
Other Phenolics Caffeic, Coumaric, Ferulic, Hydroxybenzoic, Protocatechuic, & Vanillic Acids
Sterols Brassicasterol, Campesterol, Sitosterol, Stigmasterol

Biotopes:
Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Several Nymphalidae

Gonepteryx rhamni

Pieris brassicae

Thymelicus sylvestris

Autographa gamma

Several Syrphidae

Paracorymbia maculicornis

Adelphocoris lineolatus

Closterotomus norwegicus
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Golovinomyces cichoracearum

Puccinia cnici

Aethes cnicana Larva
(Seeds & Stem Borer)

Scrobipalpa acuminatella Larva

Several Tephritidae Larvae
(Flower & Stem Galls)

Cheilosia grossa Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)

Cheilosia variabilis Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)

Melanagromyza aeneoventris (Leaf Miner)

Phytomyza spinaciae

Palloptera umbellatarum Larva
(Flower Gall)

Agapanthia villosoviridescens Larva (Stem Borer)

Lixus pulverulentus Larva
(Stem Borer)
Possible Parasites:
Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Protearomyia nigra Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Autographa gamma

Diachrysia chrysitis Larva

Epiblema scutulana Larva

Ametastegia tenera

Cassida rubiginosa

Neocrepidodera transversa

Phyllobius pyri Larva

Forficula auricularia
Possible Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Anania perlucidalis Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Agonopterix arenella Larva

Cassida prasina

Neocrepidodera ferruginea
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Apolygus spinolae

Lygocoris pabulinus

Tingis cardui
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Palomena prasina

Enoplops scapha

Aphrodes makarovi

Evacanthus interruptus
Florivores:
Eupithecia satyrata

Several Curculionidae Larvae
Possible Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata

Cnephasia pasiuana
Possible Granivores:
Eurygaster maura

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Spear Thistle


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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