Cirsium arvense (Linnaeus 1753) Scopoli 1772 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 40-100cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Rhizomatous, Stoloniferous, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - September (Earliest: 25.6)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Acacetin, Apigenin, Astragalin, Isokaemferide, Kaempferol, Linarin,
Luteolin, Methylkaempferol, Pectolinaringen, Quercitin, Rutin, Tricin
Other Phenolics Syringin
Sterols Taraxasterol

Biotopes:
Meadows

Hedge Rows

Around Buildings
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Several Vespidae

Phygadeuon fumator

Several Nymphalidae

Thymelicus sylvestris

Lycaena phlaeas

Eilema depressa

Autographa gamma

Cerapteryx graminis

Minoa murinata

Yponomeuta padella

Several Conopidae

Many Syrphidae

Several Tachinidae

Sarcophaga carnaria

Helina impuncta

Dilophus febrilis

Several Cerambycidae

Lamiogethes pedicularius

Adelphocoris lineolatus

Closterotomus norwegicus

Panorpa vulgaris
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Ramularia cirsii

Aethes cnicana Larva
(Seeds & Stem Borer)

Lobesia abscisana Larva
(Stem Borer)

Scrobipalpa acuminatella Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Several Tephritidae Larvae
(Flower & Stem Galls)

Several Agromyzidae

Agapanthia cardui Larva
(Stem Borer)

Agapanthia villosoviridescens Larva (Stem Borer)

Lixus pulverulentus Larva
(Stem Borer)

Psylliodes chalcomerus Larva
(Stem Borer)
Possible Parasites:
Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Protearomyia nigra Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Several Noctuidae

Sitochroa verticalis Larva

Ectropis crepuscularia

Coleophora trochilella Larva

Ametastegia tenera

Several Chrysomelidae

Lixus pulverulentus

Forficula auricularia

Helicidae
Possible Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Anania perlucidalis Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Cassida prasina

Neocrepidodera ferruginea
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Apolygus spinolae

Lygocoris pabulinus

Philaenus spumarius

Euscelidius schenckii
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Palomena prasina

Enoplops scapha

Aphrodes makarovi

Evacanthus interruptus
Florivores:
Larinus planus Larva

Rhinocyllus conicus Larva
Possible Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata

Eupithecia satyrata

Cnephasia pasiuana
Granivores:
Stictopleurus punctatonervosus
Possible Granivores:
Eurygaster maura

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Creeping Thistle


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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