Valeriana officinalis [repens] Linnaeus 1753 (Family Valerianaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 40-160cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Stoloniferous
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - August (Earliest: 5.6)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Actinidine, Chatinine, Valerianine, Valerine
Monoterpenoids Borneol, Pinene
Flavonoids Linarin
Iridoids Valtrate
Acids Acetic, Formic, Valeric

Biotopes:
Wet Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Tenthredo notha

Several Nymphalidae

Thymelicus lineola

Thymelicus sylvestris

Pieris napi

Callimorpha dominula

Many Syrphidae

Morellia aenescens

Phaonia angelicae

Empis tessellata

Coenomyia ferruginea

Conops flavipes

Cylindromyia brassicaria

Paracorymbia maculicornis

Stenurella melanura

Rhagonycha fulva
Parasites:
Ramularia valerianae

Peronospora valerianae

Liriomyza strigata

Agapanthia cardui Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Melitaea diamina Larva

Scopula immutata Larva

Macrophya albicincta
Possible Herbivores:
Cnephasia asseclana
Sapivores:
Aphis fabae

Macrosiphum rosae
Possible Sapivores:
Aulacorthum solani
Florivores:
Eupithecia satyrata

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Valerian


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2008 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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