Urtica dioica Linnaeus 1753 (Family Urticaceae)


Plant

Flowers: Female

Leaves

Male

Fruit

Height: 40-150cm
Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Rhizomatous, Persistent Seed Bank
Dioecious, Flowering June - October (Earliest: 12.5)

Protective Chemicals
Indole Alkaloids Serotonin
Saponins Ursolic Acid
Coumarins Scopoletin
Flavonoids Hyperin, Isoquercitrin, Quercetin, Rutin
Other Phenolics Caffeic, Ferulic, & Gallic Acids
Other Acids Erucic, Formic
Sterols Sitosterol
Amines Histamine
Other Acetylcholine

Biotopes:
Meadows

Hedge Rows

Around Buildings

Spruce Forest Edge
Pollination: Wind
Flower Visitors:
Andrena alfkenella

Bombus pascuorum

Tenthredopsis coquebertii

Coenonympha pamphilus

Several Syrphidae

Bicellaria pilosa

Anaspis frontalis

Closterotomus norwegicus
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Septoria urticae

Ascochyta urticae

Erysiphe urticae

Puccinia caricina

Agapanthia villosoviridescens Larva (Stem Borer)

Agromyza anthracina

Agromyza reptans

Dasineura urticae

Gortyna flavago Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Columba palumbus

Several Nymphalidae

Several Crambidae

Several Erebidae

Many Noctuidae

Several Tortricidae

Anthophila fabriciana

Several Chrysomelidae

Nedyus quadrimaculatus

Phyllobius pomaceus

Helicidae

Trochulus hispidus
Sapivores:
Several Cicadellidae

Many Miridae

Palomena prasina

Cercopis vulnerata

Aphis urticata

Uroleucon jaceae

Trioza urticae
Florivores:
Brachypterus glaber

Brachypterus urticae
Granivores:
Passeridae

Several Fringillidae

Prunella modularis

Several Miridae

Scolopostethus affinis
Nests:
Anas platyrhynchos

Several Sylviidae

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Stinging Nettle


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2008, 2011 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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