Trifolium pratense Linnaeus 1753 (Family Fabaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 15-50cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering May - October (Earliest: 23.4)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Afrormosin, Biochanin, Calycosin, Daidzein, Formononetin, Genistein, Irilin,
Irilone, Kaempferol, Maackiain, Medicarpin, Methylorobol, Naringenin,
Ononin, Pratensein, Prunetin, Pseudobaptigenin, Quercetin, Texasin
Other Phenolics Tannins
Phytoalexins Inermin
Phytoestrogens Coumestrol

Biotopes:
Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Most Hesperiidae

Several Lycaenidae

Several Nymphalidae

Several Pieridae

Euclidia glyphica

Euclidia mi

Autographa gamma

Adscita statices

Temnostoma vespiforme
Parasites:
Stemphylium sarciniforme

Ascochyta trifolii

Erysiphe trifolii

Agromyza nana

Ischnopterapion virens Larva
(Stem Borer)

Scaptomyza graminum Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Possible Parasites:
Hydrellia griseola Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Calliopum aeneum Larva
(Stem Miner)
Herbivores:
Cyaniris semiargus Larva

Polyommatus icarus Larva

Colias croceus Larva

Several Noctuidae

Euclidia glyphica Larva

Euclidia mi Larva

Macrothylacia rubi

Grapholita compositella Larva

Zygaena viciae Larva

Several Curculionidae

Ischnopterapion virens
Possible Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Several Erebidae

Several Tortricidae

Chiasmia clathrata Larva

Scotopteryx chenopodiata Larva

Noctua comes Larva

Nomophila noctuella Larva

Several Curculionidae

Neocrepidodera ferruginea

Agriotes obscurus Larva

Phyllopertha horticola Larva
Sapivores:
Piezodorus lituratus

Philaenus spumarius

Aphrodes bicinctus
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Aphis fabae

Aulacorthum solani

Brachycarenus tigrinus

Aphrodes makarovi
Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata

Eupithecia satyrata
Possible Florivores:
Phytocoris varipes
Possible Granivores:
Adelphocoris lineolatus Nymph

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Red Clover


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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