Scrophularia nodosa Linnaeus 1753 (Family Scrophulariaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 30-120cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Rhizomatous, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - September (Earliest: 15.5)

Protective Chemicals
Iridoids Aucubin, Catalpol, Harpagoside
Phenolics Coumaric & Ferulic Acids
Other Acids Linolenic

Biotopes:
Spruce Forest Edge

Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Dolichovespula sylvestris

Bombus lapidarius

Bombus pascuorum

Neoascia podagrica
Parasites:
Ramularia scrophulariae

Cheilosia variabilis Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)

Amauromyza verbasci

Liriomyza bryoniae

Liriomyza strigata

Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Gortyna flavago Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Cucullia scrophulariae

Several Tortricidae

Mesotype didymata

Cionus

Otiorhynchus porcatus

Longitarsus nigrofasciatus

Several Tenthredinidae Larvae
Florivores:
Eupithecia satyrata

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Figwort


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster