Scorzoneroides [Leontodon] autumnalis (Linnaeus 1753) Moench 1794 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 10-45cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - October (Earliest: 6.6)

Protective Chemicals
Sesquiterpenoids Crepidiaside, Deoxylactucin, Jacquilenin
Flavonoids Luteolin
Other Phenolics Caffeoyltartaric, Chicoric, Chlorogenic, & Dicaffeoylquinic Acids

Biotopes:
Meadows

Wet Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Leucospis dorsigera

Tenthredo notha

Many Nymphalidae

Lycaena phlaeas

Pieris napi

Pieris rapae

Thymelicus lineola

Thymelicus sylvestris

Eilema griseola

Zygaena viciae

Many Syrphidae

Several Tachinidae

Conops flavipes

Sicus ferrugineus

Helina intermedia

Fannia polychaeta

Empis livida

Stomorhina lunata

Scathophaga stercoraria

Chrysanthia geniculata

Oedemera lurida

Anthaxia quadripunctata

Tytthaspis sedecimpunctata

Psallus perrisi

Plagiognathus arbustorum
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Podosphaera fusca

Puccinia hieracii

Several Agromyzidae

Ensina sonchi Larva
(Flower Gall)

Cheilosia latifrons Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Autographa gamma

Cybosia mesomella Larva
Sapivores:
Lygus pratensis

Aphrophora alni Nymph

Philaenus spumarius

Uroleucon hypochoeridis

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Autumn Hawkbit


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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