Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus 1753 (Family Lamiaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Colour Variant

Fruit

Height: 5-40cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering July - September (Earliest: 17.6)

Protective Chemicals
Saponins Oleanolic & Ursolic Acids, Prunelloside
Flavonoids Hyperoside, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Rutin
Other Phenolics Caffeic, Coumaric, & Rosmarinic Acids, Tannins
Other Acids Betulinic, Cinnamic, Maslinic, Polyacetylenic

Biotopes:
Spruce Forest Edge
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Boloria selene

Pieris napi

Pieris rapae

Siphona geniculata
Parasites:
Septoria prunellae

Rosenscheldia abundans

Amauromyza labiatarum

Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Herbivores:
Cnephasia asseclana

Cnephasia incertana

Otiorhynchus porcatus
Sapivores:
Aulacorthum solani

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Self-heal


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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