Plantago major Linnaeus 1753 (Family Plantaginaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 10-40cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering May - October (Earliest: 23.5)

Protective Chemicals
Iridoids Aucubin, Majoroside
Saponins Ursolic Acid
Phenolics Caffeic & Chlorogenic Acids
Other Acids Citric, Oxalic

Biotopes:
Meadows

Around Buildings
Microhabitat:
Bare Ground
Pollination: Wind
Parasites:
Phyllosticta plantaginis

Ramularia rhabdospora

Golovinomyces sordidus

Liriomyza strigata

Phytomyza plantaginis

Cheilosia lasiopa Larva
(Root Miner)

Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Herbivores:
Melitaea athalia Larva

Melitaea cinxia Larva

Several Erebidae

Many Noctuidae

Several Tortricidae

Scopula immutata Larva

Pyrausta despicata Larva

Chrysolina staphylaea
Possible Herbivores:
Several Geometridae Larvae

Many Noctuidae

Arctia caja

Diacrisia sannio Larva

Diasemia reticularis Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Celypha rivulana Larva

Several Tenthredinidae Larvae
Sapivores:
Aphrodes bicinctus

Eupteryx vittata

Aulacorthum solani

Dysaphis aucupariae
Possible Sapivores:
Aphis fabae
Florivores:
Eupithecia absinthiata Larva

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Ratstail Plantain


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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