Medicago sativa Linnaeus 1753 (Family Fabaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 30-180cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - September (Earliest: 5.7)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Stachydrine, Trigonelline
Saponins Hederagenin, Medicagenin, Soyasapogenol
Flavonoids Apigenin, Coumestrol, Daidzein, Formononetin,
Luteolin, Medicarpin, Sativan, Vestitol
Amino Acids Canavanine
Polyols Ononitol

Biotopes:
Meadows
Parasites:
Agromyza nana

Chromatomyia horticola
Possible Parasites:
Liriomyza strigata

Scaptomyza graminum Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Ischnopterapion virens Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Colias croceus Larva

Callophrys rubi Larva

Polyommatus icarus Larva

Several Noctuidae

Several Tortricidae

Euclidia glyphica Larva

Euclidia mi Larva

Chiasmia clathrata Larva

Several Curculionidae

Holotrichapion pisi
Possible Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Sitona suturalis
Sapivores:
Palomena prasina

Piezodorus lituratus

Adelphocoris lineolatus

Lygus rugulipennis

Philaenus spumarius
Possible Sapivores:
Adelphocoris seticornis
Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata
Granivores:
Adelphocoris lineolatus Nymph

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2009 J.K. Lindsey

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