Galeopsis tetrahit Linnaeus 1753 (Family Lamiaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Colour Variant

Height: 20-100cm
Occasionally Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Annual, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering July - September (Earliest: 23.5)

Protective Chemicals
Sesquiterpenoids Bicyclogermacrene, Caryophyllene, Farnesene, Germacrene

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows

Spruce Forest Edge

Heath and Moorland
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Campoletis annulata

Several Nymphalidae

Several Pieridae

Autographa gamma

Macroglossum stellatarum

Anania hortulata

Many Syrphidae

Empis livida

Dasytes niger
Seed Dispersal: Hitch-hiking
Parasites:
Neoerysiphe galeopsidis

Phyllosticta galeopsidis

Ascochyta galeopsidis

Several Agromyzidae

Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Herbivores:
Autographa gamma

Diachrysia chrysitis Larva

Cnephasia incertana

Cassida viridis

Chrysolina fastuosa
Possible Herbivores:
Diaphora mendica
Sapivores:
Tingis pilosa

Aphis frangulae
Possible Sapivores:
Mecomma ambulans

Aulacorthum solani
Florivores:
Lamiogethes pedicularius Larva
Possible Florivores:
Eupithecia satyrata
Granivores:
Parus cristatus

Perizoma alchemillata Larva

Endothenia marginana

Grypocoris sexguttatus
Decomposers:
Chromelosporium ochraceum

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Common Hemp-nettle


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2010 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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