Cirsium palustre (Linnaeus 1753) Scopoli 1772 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 60-200cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Biennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - October (Earliest: 13.5)

Protective Chemicals
Flavonoids Apigenin, Isokaemferide, Luteolin, Tricin

Biotopes:
Wet Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Most Hesperiidae

Most Nymphalidae

Most Pieridae

Lycaena hippothoe

Lycaena phlaeas

Adscita statices

Autographa gamma

Anania perlucidalis

Many Syrphidae

Phaonia angelicae

Sicus ferrugineus

Empis livida

Empis tessellata

Several Cerambycidae

Epuraea aestiva

Rhagonycha fulva

Trichius fasciatus
Seed Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Ramularia cirsii

Golovinomyces cichoracearum

Aethes cnicana Larva
(Seeds & Stem Borer)

Epiblema cirsiana Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)

Scrobipalpa acuminatella Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Gortyna flavago Larva
(Stem Borer)

Several Syrphidae Larvae
(Root & Stem Borer)

Several Tephritidae Larvae
(Flower & Stem Galls)

Liriomyza strigata

Melanagromyza aeneoventris (Leaf Miner)

Agapanthia villosoviridescens Larva (Stem Borer)

Lixus pulverulentus Larva
(Stem Borer)
Possible Parasites:
Apteropeda orbiculata Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Protearomyia nigra Larva
(Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Vanessa cardui

Autographa gamma

Cassida rubiginosa

Lixus pulverulentus
Possible Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Anania perlucidalis Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Agonopterix arenella Larva

Cassida prasina

Neocrepidodera ferruginea
Sapivores:
Capitophorus horni

Uroleucon jaceae

Aphrophora alni Nymph

Tingis cardui
Possible Sapivores:
Several Miridae

Palomena prasina

Enoplops scapha

Aphrodes makarovi

Evacanthus interruptus
Florivores:
Several Curculionidae Larvae

Protaetia cuprea
Possible Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata

Cnephasia pasiuana
Granivores:
Rhopalus maculatus
Possible Granivores:
Eurygaster maura

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Marsh Thistle


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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