Centaurea jacea Linnaeus 1753 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 20-120cm
Perennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - October (Earliest: 1.6)

Protective Chemicals
Sesquiterpenoids Acetylcnicin
Flavonoids Apigenin, Axillarin, Centaureidin, Centaurein,
Cirsiliol, Glucopyranoside, Isokaempferide
Other Phenolics Tannins

Biotopes:
Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Several Nymphalidae

Several Pieridae

Thymelicus lineola

Thymelicus sylvestris

Adscita statices

Udea lutealis

Gillmeria pallidactyla

Many Syrphidae

Empis livida

Sicus ferrugineus

Nowickia ferox

Calocoris affinis

Closterotomus norwegicus
Parasites:
Ramularia centaureae

Scrobipalpa acuminatella Larva
(Leaf Miner)

Liriomyza bryoniae

Liriomyza strigata
Herbivores:
Several Nymphalidae

Several Geometridae

Several Tortricidae

Ceramica pisi

Charanyca trigrammica Larva

Paratalanta hyalinalis Larva

Udea lutealis Larva

Epischnia prodromella Larva

Agonopterix arenella Larva

Cassida rubiginosa

Neocrepidodera ferruginea
Sapivores:
Orthocephalus coriaceus

Enoplops scapha

Uroleucon jaceae
Florivores:
Eupithecia centaureata

Cnephasia pasiuana

Larinus planus

Rhinocyllus conicus Larva

Phytocoris varipes
Granivores:
Eucosma obumbratana Larva

Eurygaster maura


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster