Cardamine amara Linnaeus 1753 (Family Brassicaceae)


Plant

Flower

Leaf

Fruit

Height: 15-60cm
Never Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Stoloniferous, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering May - June (Earliest: 24.4)

Protective Chemicals
Glucosinolates Benzyl, Methylpropyl

Biotopes:
Wet Meadows

Stream Banks

Pond Edges
Flower Visitors:
Nomada leucophthalma

Pieris napi

Cauchas rufimitrella

Eupithecia indigata

Several Empididae

Many Syrphidae

Helina celsa

Siphona ingerae

Myopa stigma

Eusphalerum atrum
Possible Parasites:
Liriomyza strigata
Herbivores:
Pieris napi Larva

Several Chrysomelidae
Possible Herbivores:
Cnephasia incertana

Phyllotreta nigripes
Sapivores:
Eurydema dominulus
Granivores:
Anthocharis cardamines Larva

Ecological Flora of the British Isles


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

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