Alliaria petiolata [officinalis] (von Bieberstein 1808) Cavara & Grande 1913 (Family Brassicaceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Fruit

Height: 20-80cm
Never Mycorrhizal
Biennial, Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering April - May (Earliest: 9.4)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Sinapine
Glucosinolates Allylisothiocyanate, Benzylisothiocyanate,
Glucotropaeolin, Sinigrin
Flavonoids Apigenin, Isovitexin, Saponarin
Phenolics Alliarinoside

Biotopes:
Hedge Rows

Spruce Forest Edge
Flower Visitors:
Several Apidae

Tryphon bidentatus

Anthocharis cardamines

Pieris napi

Several Empididae

Several Syrphidae

Cordilura pubera

Scathophaga stercoraria

Hydrophoria lancifer

Bibio varipes

Fannia serena

Melinda gentilis

Brassicogethes coracinus

Ectinus aterrimus
Parasites:
Liriomyza bryoniae

Liriomyza strigata

Phyllotreta nemorum

Ceutorhynchus assimilis
(Larval Root Gall)

Ceutorhynchus rapae
(Larval Stem Borer)
Herbivores:
Several Pieridae

Several Tortricidae

Xanthorhoe fluctuata Larva

Plutella xylostella Larva

Several Chrysomelidae

Ceutorhynchus rapae
Sapivores:
Eurydema dominulus

Eurydema oleracea

Macrosiphum euphorbiae
Granivores:
Anthocharis cardamines Larva

Cauchas rufimitrella Larva

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Garlic Mustard


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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