Achillea millefolium Linnaeus 1753 (Family Asteraceae)


Plant

Leaf

Flower

Colour Variant

Fruit

Height: 15-45cm
Arbuscular Mycorrhizal
Perennial, Rhizomatous, Lacks Persistent Seed Bank
Hermaphrodite, Flowering June - November (Earliest: 23.5)

Protective Chemicals
Alkaloids Achilleine, Achilletine, Betonicine, Stachydrine, Trigonelline
Cardiac Glycosides Moschatine
Monoterpenoids Borneol, Camphene, Camphor, Cineole, Limonene, Linalool, Menthol,
Ocimene, Pinene, Sabinene, Terpinene, Terpineol, Thujone, Tricyclene
Sesquiterpenoids Achillifolin, Achillin, Artecanin, Balchanolide, Costunolide, Dihydroparthenolide,
Dihydroreynosin, Estafiatin, Leucodin, Leucomisin, Peroxyachifolid
Saponins Amyrin
Flavonoids Apigenin, Artemetin, Casticin, Centaureidin, Luteolin, Rutin, Tannins
Other Phenolics Caffeic & Salicylic Acids, Eugenol, Tannins
Amino Acids Betaine
Other Acids Achimillic, Aconitic, Ascorbic, Folic, Formic, Linoleic, Myristic, Oleic, Palmitic,
Succinic, Valerianic
Sterols Campesterol, Pseudotaraxasterol, Sitosterol, Stigmasterol, Taraxasterol

Biotopes:
Meadows
Flower Visitors:
Many Apidae

Barycnemis harpura

Agathis breviseta

Sapygina decemguttata

Tenthredo arcuata

Several Nymphalidae

Thymelicus sylvestris

Agriphila straminella

Udea lutealis

Gillmeria pallidactyla

Many Syrphidae

Several Tachinidae

Hydrotaea similis

Scathophaga stercoraria

Hilara veltmani

Dilophus febrilis

Saltella sphondylii

Bellardia viarum

Oscinella pusilla

Meromyza nigriventris

Several Cerambycidae

Mordella holomelaena

Oedemera lurida

Dasytes niger

Propylea quatuordecimpunctata

Several Miridae

Dolycoris baccarum

Stictopleurus abutilon
Seed Dispersal:
Formicidae
Wind
Parasites:
Puccinia cnici-oleracei

Gillmeria pallidactyla Larva
(Stem Borer)

Gortyna flavago Larva
(Stem Borer)

Cheilosia vernalis Larva
(Root & Stem Borer)

Coleophora trochilella Larva
Possible Parasites:
Incurvaria praelatella Larva
(Leaf Miner)
Herbivores:
Melitaea athalia Larva

Vanessa cardui

Several Tortricidae Larva

Alcis repandata Larva

Siona lineata Larva

Arctia caja

Autographa gamma

Phycitodes maritima

Many Chrysomelidae

Several Curculionidae
Possible Herbivores:
Several Tortricidae

Phyllobius glaucus
Sapivores:
Several Aphididae

Several Miridae
Florivores:
Several Geometridae

Aethes margaritana

Dolycoris baccarum

Phytocoris varipes
Granivores:
Stictopleurus abutilon

Stictopleurus punctatonervosus

Ecological Flora of the British Isles
Skye Flora: Yarrow


Pictures © 2003, 2004, 2005 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

Back to Ecology of Commanster