Pteridium aquilinum (Linnaeus 1753) Kuhn in Kersten 1879 (Family Dennstaedtiaceae)

Height: 50-250cm
Perennial, Rhizomatous
Sporulation (Rare) July - September

Protective Chemicals
Cyanogenic Glycosides Prunasin
Sesquiterpenoids Ptaquiloside, Pteroside, Pterosin
Flavonoids Quercetin
Other Phenolics Caffeic, Coumaric, Ferulic,
Protocatechuic, & Vanillic Acids, Tannins
Ecdysteroids Ecdysone, Hydroxyecdysone
Enzymes Thiaminase

Biotopes:
Spruce Forest Edge

Hedge Rows
Spore Dispersal: Wind
Parasites:
Cryptomycina pteridis

Milesina pteridis

Dasineura pteridis
Herbivores:
Hepialidae Larvae

Several Noctuidae

Petrophora chlorosata Larva

Celypha lacunana

Several Tenthredinidae

Strophosoma melanogrammum

Phyllopertha horticola
Sapivores:
Ditropis pteridis

Philaenus spumarius

Amphorophora ampullata

Aphis fabae
Nests:
Saxicola rubicola
Decomposers:
Rhizomarasmius undatus

Mycena galopus

Rhopographus filicinus

Generalists

Skye Flora: Bracken


Pictures © 2003, 2005, 2010 J.K. Lindsey

Caution

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