Trapeliaceae
Descriptions and Identification Keys

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Acharius, E. (1808) "Förteckning fä de i Sverige växande arter af Lafvarnes familj." Kungl. Svenska vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 29: 125-132, 228-237, 259-283.
Acharius, E. (1810) Lichenographia universalis. Gottingae: A.I.F. Danckwerts.
Boistel, A. (1986) Nouvelle Flore des Lichens. Paris: Belin.
Coppins, R.J. & James, P. (1984) "New or interesting British lichens V." Lichenologist 16: 241-264.
Dobson, F.S. (2005) Lichens. An Illustrated Guide to the British and Irish Species. Slough: Richmond Publishing.
Fries, E.M. (1826) Schedulae Criticae de Lichenibus suecanis. Fasc. VII. Part II. Londini: Berlingiana.
Hale, M.E. (1979) How to Know the Lichens. Dubuque: W.C. Brown.
Jahns, H.M. (1980) Farne, Moose, Flechten Mittel-, Nord-, und Westeuropas München: BLV Verlagsgesellschaft.
   Traduction française, (1989) Guide des Fougères, Mousses et Lichens d'Europe. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé.
Kershaw, K.A. & Alvin, K.L. (1963) The Observer's Book of Lichens. London: Frederick Warne.
Kirschbaum, U. & Wirth, V. (1995, 2nd edn) Flechten erkennen - Luftgüte bestimmen. Paris: Eugen Ulmer.
   Traduction française, (1997) Les Lichens bio-indicateurs. Paris: Eugen Ulmer.
Laundon, J.R. (2005) "The publication and typification of Sir James Edward Smith's lichens in English Botany." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 147: 483-499.
Sérusiaux, E., Diederich, P. & Lambinon, J. (2004) Les Macrolichens de Belgique, du Luxembourg, et du Nord de la France. Luxembourg: Ferrantia 40. Travaux scientifiques du Musée national d'Histoire naturelle.
Smith, A.L. (1921) A Handbook of the British Lichens. London: British Museum.
Smith, C.W., Aptroot, A., Coppins, B.J., Fletcher, A., Gilbert, O.L., James, P.W., & Wolseley, P.A. (eds, 2009, 2nd edn) The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publications.
Smith, J.E. (1809) English Botany. Vol. 28. London: J. Sowerby.
Tiévant, P. (2001) Guide des Lichens. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé.
Van Haluwyn, C. & Asta, J. (2009) Guide des Lichens de France. Paris: Belin.


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