Cladoniaceae
Descriptions and Identification Keys

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Acharius, E. (1810) Lichenographia universalis. Gottingae: A.I.F. Danckwerts.
Ahti, T. & Stenroos, S. (2012) "New data on nomenclature, taxonomy and distribution of some species of the lichen genus Cladonia." Botanica Complutensis 36: 31-34.
Asahina, Y. (1940) "Chemismus der Cladonien unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der japanischen Arten. 1. Cladonia chlorophaea und verwandte Arten." Journal of Japanese Botany 16: 709-727.
Boistel, A. (1986) Nouvelle Flore des Lichens. Paris: Belin.
Dobson, F.S. (2005) Lichens. An Illustrated Guide to the British and Irish Species. Slough: Richmond Publishing.
Coemans, H.E.L.G. (1865) "Cladoniae Acharianae, ou révision critique des Cladonia du synopis et de l'herbier d'Acharius." Bulletins de l'Académie royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-arts de Belgique 19: 32-49.
Dufour, L. (1821) "Révision des genres Cladonia, Scyphophorus, Helopodium et Baeomyces de la flore française." Annales générales des Sciences physiques 8: 41-73.
Flörke, H.G. (1821) Deutsche Lichenen. Siebente, Zehnte Lieferung. Berlin.
Flörke, H.G. (1828) De Cladoniis : difficillimo lichenum genere, commentatio nova. Rostochii: Stillerum.
Fries, E.M. (1825) Schedulae Criticae de Lichenibus suecanis. Fasc. III, IV. Londini: Berlingiana.
Fries, E.M. (1831) Lichenographia europaea reformata. Lundae: Berlingianis.
Hale, M.E. (1979) How to Know the Lichens. Dubuque: W.C. Brown.
Hodgetts, N.G. (1992) Cladonia: A Field Guide. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservancy Committee.
Hoffmann, G.F. (1795) Deutschlands Flora oder Botanisches Taschenbuch. Zweiter Theil. Erlangen: J.J. Palm.
Hudson, W. (1762) Flora Anglica. Londini: Impensis auctoris.
Jahns, H.M. (1980) Farne, Moose, Flechten Mittel-, Nord-, und Westeuropas München: BLV Verlagsgesellschaft.
   Traduction française, (1989) Guide des Fougères, Mousses et Lichens d'Europe. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé.
Kershaw, K.A. & Alvin, K.L. (1963) The Observer's Book of Lichens. London: Frederick Warne.
Kirschbaum, U. & Wirth, V. (1995, 2nd edn) Flechten erkennen - Luftgüte bestimmen. Paris: Eugen Ulmer.
   Traduction française, (1997) Les Lichens bio-indicateurs. Paris: Eugen Ulmer.
Laundon, J.R. (1984) "The typification of Withering's neglected lichens." Lichenologist 16: 211-239.
Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species Plantarum. Tomus II. Holmiae: L. Salvii.
Persoon, C.H. (1794) "Einige Bemerkungen über die Flechten: Nebft Befchreibimgen einiger neuen Arten aus diefer Familie der Aftermoofe." Annalen der Botanick : 1-32, 155-158.
Schrader, H.A. (1794) Spicilegium Florae Germanicae. Pars Prior. Hannoverae: C. Ritscheri.
Scopoli, J.A. (1772, 2nd edn) Flora Carniolica. Tom. II. Vindobona: J.P. Krauss.
Sérusiaux, E., Diederich, P. & Lambinon, J. (2004) Les Macrolichens de Belgique, du Luxembourg, et du Nord de la France. Luxembourg: Ferrantia 40. Travaux scientifiques du Musée national d'Histoire naturelle.
Smith, A.L. (1921) A Handbook of the British Lichens. London: British Museum.
Smith, C.W., Aptroot, A., Coppins, B.J., Fletcher, A., Gilbert, O.L., James, P.W., & Wolseley, P.A. (eds, 2009, 2nd edn) The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publications.
Sommerfelt, S.C. (1826) Supplementum Florae Lapponicae. Christianiae: Borgianis et Gröndahlianis.
Sprengel, A. (1827, 16th edn) Caroli Linnaei systema vegetabilium. Voluminis IV. Gottingae: Dieterichianae.
Stirton, J. (1888) "Lichens." Scottish Naturalist 3: 307-309.
Tiévant, P. (2001) Guide des Lichens. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé.
Van Haluwyn, C. & Asta, J. (2009) Guide des Lichens de France. Paris: Belin.
Wiggers, F.H. (1780) Primitiae Florae Holsatiae. Kiliae: Bartschii.
Willdenow, C.L. (1787) Florae Berolinensis prodromus. Berolini: W. Viewegii.
Withering, W. (1776) A Botanical Arrangement of All the Vegetables Naturally Growing in Great Britain. Vol. II. Birmingham: M.Swinney.


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