Pteromalidae
Descriptions and Identification Keys

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Askew, R.R. (1961) "A study of the biology of species of the genus Mesopolobus Westwood (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) associated with cynipid galls on oak." Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 113: 155-173.
Askew, R.R. (1975) "Descriptions of a new genus and two new species of Pteromalidae (Hym., Chalcidoidea) reared from Cynipid (Hymenoptera) galls, with notes on some other species." Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 292: 405-412.
Askew, R.R. (1980) "The European species of Coelopisthia (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)." Systematic Entomology 5: 1-6.
Askew, R.R. & Kennaugh, J.H. (1992) "A review of the British species of Semiotellus Westwood (Hym., Pteromalidae)." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 128: 215-218.
Askew, R.R. & Lampe, K.H. (1998) "Species of Pteromalidae (Hym., Chalcidoidea) parasitic in galls of Cecidomyiidae (Dipt.) on Fagus leaves." Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 134: 53-56.
Askew, R.R. & Shaw, M.R. (1997) "Pteromalus apum (Retzius) and other pteromalid (Hym.) primary parasitoids of butterfly pupae in western Europe, with a key." Entomologists Monthly Magazine 133: 67-72.
Boucek, Z. (1965) "A review of the Chalcidoid fauna of the Moldavian SSR, with descriptions of new species (Hymenoptera)." Sborník Faunistickych Prací Entomologického Oddeleni Národního Musea v Praze 11: 5-37.
Dawah, H.A. & Rothfritz, H. (1996) "Generic-level identification of final instar larvae of Eurytomidae and their parasitoids associated with grasses (Poaceae) in N.W. Europe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Ichneumonidae, Pteromalidae)." Journal of Natural History 30: 1517-1526
Delucchi, V. (1953) "Neue chalcidier aus der subfamilie der Lamprotatinae (Pteromalidae)." Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 26: 201-218.
Doganlar, M. (2006) "Systematic studies on some species of Halticoptera Spinola, 1811 (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae), with descriptions of new species." Journal of Applied Sciences Research 2: 168-183.
Doganlar, M. (2007) "A taxonomic revision of European species of Dinotiscus Ghesquiere (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)." Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 1: 45-55.
Doganlar, M. & Doganlar, O. (2010) "Review of the species of Gugolzia Delucchi and Steffan (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in Europe and Turkey, with descriptions of new species." Turkish Journal of Zoology 34: 23-34.
Fitton, M.G., Shaw, M.R., & Austin, A.D. (1987) "The Hymenoptera associated with spiders in Europe." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 90: 65-93.
Förster, A. (1850) "Eine Centurie neuer Hymenopteren." Verhandlungen der naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande 7: 485-518.
Graham, M.W.R. (1959) "Notes on Pteromalidae (Hym., Chalcidoidea), with descriptions of new genera and species." Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 13: 97-112.
Graham, M.W.R. (1969) The Pteromalidae of Northwestern Europe (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Bulletin of the British Museum Supplement 16.
Graham, M.W.R. (1992) "Second revision of western European Psilocera (Hym., Pteromalidae) with descriptions of three new species." Entomologists Monthly Magazine 128: 15-21.
Graham, M.W.R. (1992) "The European species of the genus Conomorium Masi, 1924 (Hym., Pteromalidae) including one new to science" Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 128: 197-202.
Graham, M.W.R. (1993) "Revision of European species of the genera Trigonoderus Westwood and Plutothrix Förster (Hym., Pteromalidae)." Entomologists Monthly Magazine 129: 107-118.
Graham, M.W.R. & Claridge, M.F. (1965) "Studies on the Stenomalina-group of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera : Chalcidoidea)." Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society London 117: 263-311.
Hedqvist, K.J. (1963) "Die Feinde der Borkenkafer in Schweden. I. Erzwespen (Chalcidoidea)." Studia Forestalia Suecica 11: 1-176.
Hedqvist, K.J. (1968) "Notes on the Trigonoderus-group (Hym., Chalcidoidea)." Entomologisk Tidskrift 89: 35-63.
Hedqvist, K.J. (1972) "Notes on Chalcidoidea (Hym.). I. The genus Syntomopus Walk. (Pteromalidae, Miscogasterinae, Sphegigasterini)." Entomologisk Tidskrift 93: 210-215.
Hedqvist, K.J. (1975) "Notes on Chalcidoidea VII. A key to Swedish species of the genus Halticoptera Spin. and three related genera (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)." Entomologica Scandinavica 6: 167-181.
Hedqvist, K.J. (1975) "Notes on Chalcidoidea. VIII. The Swedish Chrysolampini with description of a new genus and species (Hym., Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae)." Entomologisk Tidskrift 96: 133-136.
Hedqvist, K.J. (1978) "A new genus and three new species of Pteromalidae from Sweden. Notes on Chalcidoidea XII (Hymenoptera)." Entomologica Scandinavica 9: 313-316.
Linnaeus, C. (1758, 10th edn) Systema Naturae. Tomus I. Holmiae: L. Salvii
Medvedev, G.S. (1988) Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. III. Hymenoptera. Part II. Bethyloidea, Chalcidoidea, Proctotrupoidea, Ceraphronoidea. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Mitroiu, M.D. (2009) "New records of the genus Psilonotus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in the Carpathian basin." Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii 'Al. I. Cuza' Iasi, Biologie animala 55: 85-89.
Mitroiu, M.D. (2010) "Revision of the Palearctic species of Macroglenes Westwood (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)." Zootaxa 2563: 1-34.
Nieves, J.L. & Askew, R.R. (1988) "A new species of Cecidostiba Thomson Hym, Pteromalidae, a key to species of the genus and rearing records of other Pteromalidae associated with oak gall wasps (Hym. Cynipidae)." Entomologists Monthly Magazine 124: 1-5.
Nikol'skaya, M.N. (1963) The Chalcid Fauna of the U.S.S.R. (Chalcidoidea). Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations.
Peck, O., Boucek, Z. & Hoffer, A. (1964) Keys to the Chalcidoidea of Czechoslovakia (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Ottawa: Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada.
Peters, R.S. & Baur, H. (2011) "A revision of the Dibrachys cavus species complex (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae)." Zootaxa 2937: 1-30.
Rosen, H. von (1959) "Zur Kenntnis des Pteromaliden-Genus Mesopolobus Westwood 1833 (Hym., Chalcidoidea) IV." Entomologisk Tidskrift 80: 146-162.
Spinola, M. (1808) Insectorum Liguriae. Species novae aut rariores, quas in agro ligustico nuper detexit, descripsit, et iconibus illustratavit. Tom. II Fasc. 4. Biodiversity Heritage Library
Thomson, C. G. (1875-6) Skandinaviens Hymenoptera. Tom. IV. Pteromalus (Svederus). Lunde.
Tselikh, E.V. (2010) "Chalcids of the subfamily Pteromalinae (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) as parasitoids of the bark beetles (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) in the fauna of Russia and adjacent territories." Entomological Review 90: 927-945.
Walker, F. (1833-9) "Monographia Chalciditum." Entomological Magazine 1: 12-29, 115-142, 367-384, 455-466, 2: 13-39, 148-179, 286-309, 340-369, 476-502, 3: 94-97, 182-206, 465-496, 4: 9-26, 349-364, 439-461, 5: 35-55, 102-118, 418-431.
Walker, F. (1844) "On the species of Chalcidites inhabiting the Arctic Region." Annals and Magazine of Natural History 14: 331-342, 407-410.
Walker, F. (1871-2) Notes on Chalcidiae. London: E.W. Janson. Biodiversity Library
Zetterstedt, J.W. (1838) Insecta Lapponica. Lipsiae: Voss.

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